Performance of a Low-Blowby Sealing System for a High Efficiency Rotary Engine
The X engine is a non-Wankel rotary engine that allies high power density and high efficiency by running a high-pressure Atkinson cycle at high speeds. The X engine overcomes the gas leakage issue of the Wankel engine by using two axially-loaded face seals that directly interface with three stationary radially-loaded apex seals per rotor. The direct-interfacing of the apex and face seals eliminates the need for corner seals of the typical Wankel engine, significantly reducing rotary engine blowby. This paper demonstrates the sealing performance that can be achieved by this new type of seal configuration for a rotary engine based on dynamics models and experiments. The dynamics models calculate the displacement and deformation of the face and apex seals for every crank angle using a time implicit solver. The gas leakage is then calculated from the position of the seals and pressure in the chambers and integrated over a rotor revolution.