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Technical Paper

Productivity Improvement in Forging Process by Using Computer Simulation

2015-01-14
2015-26-0204
To achieve first time right product in any new part development, the process requires number of trials, skilled manpower, huge cost and massive time. In case of forging process, to develop a new component lot of physical trials are required to be conducted due to the process variations. The need of the hour is shorter development time with highest quality. All these requirements can be achieved with the help of reliable computer simulations. With computer simulation, the process can be optimized and crack analysis can be carried out. Additionally the use of computer simulation in forging process reduces no. of trials, ultimately saves time and energy. The paper deals with forging process optimization by effective use of computer simulation. Existing forging process and modified forging process was simulated.
Technical Paper

Prediction of Thermal Comfort Inside a Midibus Passenger Cabin Using CFD and Its Experimental Validation

2015-01-14
2015-26-0210
This paper presents a methodology for predicting thermal comfort inside Midibus cabin with an objective to modify the Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) duct design and parametric optimization in order to have improved thermal comfort of occupant. For this purpose the bus cavity is extracted from baseline CAD model including fully seated manikins with various seating positions. Solar Load has been considered in the computational model and passenger heat load is considered as per BSR/ASHRAE 55-1992R standard. CFD simulation predicted the air temperature and velocity distribution inside passenger cabin of the baseline model. The experimental measurements have been carried out as per the guidelines set in APTA-BT-RP-003-07 standard. The results obtained from CFD and Experimental test were analysed as per EVS EN ISO7730 standard and calculated occupant comfort in terms of thermal comfort parameters like Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) and Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied (PPD).
Technical Paper

Acoustic Enclosure Optimization for a Higher Capacity Diesel Generator Set Using Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) Based Approach

2017-01-10
2017-26-0188
Diesel powered electric generators are used in a variety of applications, such as emergency back-up power, temporary primary power at industrial facilities, etc. As regulatory and customer requirements demand quieter designs, special attention is given to the design of acoustic enclosures to balance the need of noise control with other performance criteria like ventilation and physical protection. In the present work, Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) approach augmented by experimental inputs is used to carry out Vibro-acoustic analysis of an enclosure for higher capacity Diesel generator set. The exterior sound radiated from an enclosed generator is predicted and further enclosure is optimized for an improved sound-suppression. The airborne sources such as engine, alternator, radiator fan and exhaust are modelled explicitly using experimental noise source characterization. Structure borne inputs are also captured in the test for improving modelling accuracy.
Technical Paper

Design of Super Silent Enclosure for Diesel Genset Using Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) Technique

2019-01-09
2019-26-0185
Diesel engine generators are commonly used as a power source for various industrial and residential applications. While designing diesel generator (DG) enclosures requirements of noise control, ventilation and physical protection needs to be addressed. Indian legislation requirement demands DG enclosure insertion loss (IL) to be minimum 25 dB. However for certain critical applications like hospitals, residential apartments customer demands quiet DG sets than the statutory limits. IL targets for such application ranges between 35-40 dB. The objective of this paper is to develop methodology to design ‘Super Silent’ enclosure with IL of 35 dB by Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) approach for small capacity DG set. Major challenge was to achieve IL of 35 dB with single enclosure and making use of SEA technique for small size enclosure wherein modal densities is very less. Major airborne noise sources like engine, radiator fan and exhaust were modelled by capturing noise source test data.
Technical Paper

BIOT’s Parameters Evaluation and Prediction of Flat and Molded Dash Panel Acoustic Performance and It’s Validation

2019-01-09
2019-26-0195
In today’s automotive industry sound package material design and optimization is important considering the need for weight reduction and achieving targeted sound absorption and sound transmission loss values. As per traditional approach vehicle level noise reduction targets are defined considering flat samples, but in actual vehicle condition molded trimmed parts are used. This paper discusses about the systematic methodology developed for molded sample characterization in terms of BIOT’s properties. Effects of different parameters like area wise thickness variation, density variation on BIOT properties is studied. Comparison of BIOT’s properties of flat and molded dash sample is done to study the effect of molded structure. Using these BIOT’s properties prediction of sound absorption and sound transmission loss results carried out using FTMM approach for flat sample and SEA approach for molded sample.
Technical Paper

Heat-Treatment Process Optimization Using Dilatometry Technique and Simulation Tools

2019-01-09
2019-26-0242
Any metal component undergoes various treatments to get desired shape and desired properties. Some of the important properties are strength, hardness, % elongation etc. which comes under mechanical properties. These properties can be easily achieved through heat-treatment process. Typical example of heat-treatment processes are hardening and tempering in case of steel and aging process in case of aluminium alloys. Some of the new emerging materials viz. micro alloy steel does not require any hardening and tempering if cooling rate is maintained. Heat-treatment cycle depends on material grade and its alloying elements. A heat-treatment cycle for any grade is generally fixed based on conventional methods but they are not optimized. The need of hour is to optimize the heat-treatment cycle to improve productivity and energy consumption. Dilatometer is used to optimize heat-treatment cycle on sample level whereas simulation tools can be used for component level.
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