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Technical Paper

Plausibility Checking of Road Profile Measurements

Load data representing severe customer usage is required during the chassis development process. The use of road profiles and vehicle models to predict chassis loads is currently being researched; this research hinges on the ability to accurately measure road profiles. This work focuses on detecting possible signal defects such as leaves on the ground, reflecting surfaces, or narrow roadway gaps. The objective of this work is to develop a simulation procedure that checks the measured road profile for plausibility. The position of the vehicle body is recorded as part of the typical road profiling process. Ideally, a mathematical model can predict the body position from a road profile. The first step in verifying the plausibility of road profiles is to predict the body position. Next, the measured body position is compared to the predicted body position for the road profile in question. New criteria for plausibility checking are a major contribution of this work.
Journal Article

The Development of Terrain Pre-filtering Technique Based on Constraint Mode Tire Model

The vertical force generated from terrain-tire interaction has long been of interest for vehicle dynamic simulations and chassis development. To improve simulation efficiency while still providing reliable load prediction, a terrain pre-filtering technique using a constraint mode tire model is developed. The wheel is assumed to convey one quarter of the vehicle load constantly. At each location along the tire's path, the wheel center height is adjusted until the spindle load reaches the pre-designated load. The resultant vertical trajectory of the wheel center can be used as an equivalent terrain profile input to a simplified tire model. During iterative simulations, the filtered terrain profile, coupled with a simple point follower tire model is used to predict the spindle force. The same vehicle dynamic simulation system coupled with constraint mode tire model is built to generate reference forces.
Journal Article

Admissible Shape Parameters for a Planar Quasi-Static Constraint Mode Tire Model

Computationally efficient tire models are needed to meet the timing and accuracy demands of the iterative vehicle design process. Axisymmetric, circumferentially isotropic, planar, discretized models defined by their quasi-static constraint modes have been proposed that are parameterized by a single stiffness parameter and two shape parameters. These models predict the deformed shape independently from the overall tire stiffness and the forces acting on the tire, but the parameterization of these models is not well defined. This work develops an admissible domain of the shape parameters based on the deformation limitations of a physical tire, such that the tire stiffness properties cannot be negative, the deformed shape of the tire under quasi-static loading cannot be dominated by a single harmonic, and the low spatial frequency components must contribute more than higher frequency components to the overall tire shape.