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Technical Paper

Random Fatigue Load History Reconstruction

A concise method for modeling nonstationary fatigue loading histories is presented. The mininum number of model parameters is achieved by fitting the variations in mean and variance by a truncated Fourier series. An autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model is used to describe the stationary component. Justification of the method is made by comparing fatigue relevant parameters obtained when subjected to the original and reconstructed histories. In spite of a relatively small number of parameters required, the model is shown to give good results that fall within the bounds predicted by the orginal history.
Technical Paper

Reliability Analysis of an Automotive Wheel Assembly

The incorporation of reliability theory into a fatigue analysis algorithm is studied. This probabilistic approach gives designers the ability to quantify “real world” variations existing in the material properties, geometry, and loading of engineering components. Such information would serve to enhance the speed and accuracy of current design techniques. An automobile wheel assembly is then introduced as an example of the applications of this durability/reliability design package.
Technical Paper

Trends In Assuring The Mechanical Durability Of Automotive Structures

Significant progress in materials and structures research leading to improved analytical and experimental capabilities for evaluating the mechanical durability of automotive structures is reviewed. Recent experiences in incorporating modern fatigue analysis methodology in easily used computer-based formats are then presented. This is followed by a general discussion of the application of design aids at various points in the product development cycle with emphasis on future trends and needs.
Technical Paper

Durability by Design - An Overview

An overview of the current status and emerging trends in durability-related technologies is presented as an introduction to a series of papers covering applications of durability analysis in design. Problems of information management associated with technology integration are discussed along with the probable impact of new design tools on product development and validation.
Technical Paper

Fatigue Properties of Cold-Rolled Sheet Steels

Fatigue characteristics of representative cold-rolled, high strength steels, in gages ranging from 0.072 in. (1.83 mm) to 0.055 in. (1.39 mm), were determined in fully-reversed, axial strain cycling at amplitudes up to 0.01. Alloys were selected from three families of high strength steels: recovery annealed steels, conventional microalloyed steels - nitrogenized steel and rephosphorized steel, and dual phase steel. Cold rolled low-carbon steel provided a comparative baseline. Cyclic stress-strain curves are presented to indicate the degree of cyclic stability achievable by various strengthening mechanisms while relative fatigue resistance is determined from strain-life curves. The implications of these behavioral trends to component down gaging are discussed.