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Technical Paper

Advanced Techniques for Accelerated Simulation Studies of Complex Aircraft Electrical Power Systems

2011-10-18
2011-01-2623
This paper summarizes recent activities undertaken in the University of Nottingham towards development of simulation tools for accelerated simulation studies of complex aircraft electric power systems. The more-electric aircraft (MEA) is a major trend in aircraft electric power system (EPS) engineering that results in a significantly increased number of power electronic driven loads onboard. Development and assessment of EPS architectures, ensuring system integrity, stability and quality performance under normal and abnormal scenarios requires extensive simulation activity. Increased power electronics can make the simulation of a total EPS impractical due to large computation time or even numerical non-convergence due to the model complexity. Hence there is a demand for accurate but time-efficient modeling techniques for MEA EPS simulations.
Technical Paper

Application of Dynamic Phasors for Modeling of Active Front-End Converter for More-Electric Aircraft

2012-10-22
2012-01-2157
The paper deals with the development of active front-end rectifier model based on dynamic phasors concept. The model addresses the functional modeling level as defined by the multi-layer modeling paradigm and is suitable for accelerated simulation studies of the electric power systems under normal, unbalanced and line fault conditions. The performance and effectiveness of the developed model have been demonstrated by comparison against time-domain models in three-phase and synchronous space-vector representations. The experimental verification of the dynamic phasor model is also reported. The prime purpose of the model is for the simulation studies of more-electric aircraft power architectures at system level; however it can be directly applied for simulation study of any other electrical power system interfacing with active front-end rectifiers.
Technical Paper

Modeling of An 18-pulse Autotransformer Rectifier Unit with Dynamic Phasors

2012-10-22
2012-01-2159
The more-electric aircraft (MEA) is the major trend for airplanes in the next generation. Comparing with traditional airplanes, a significant increase of on-board electrical and electronic devices in MEAs has been recognized and resulted in new challenges for electrical power system (EPS) designers. The design of EPS essentially involves in extensive simulation work in order to ensure the availability, stability and performance of the EPS under all possible operation conditions. Due to the switching behavior of power electronic devices, it is very time-consuming and even impractical to simulate a large-scale EPS with some non-linear and time-varying models. The functional models in the dq0 frame have shown great performance under balanced conditions but these models become very time-consuming under unbalanced conditions, due to the second harmonics in d and q axes. The dynamic phasor (DP) technique has been proposed to solve that problem.
Technical Paper

Experimental Identification of the Detachment Point on the ACHEON Thrust-Vectoring Nozzle

2015-09-15
2015-01-2464
Thrust vectoring is an interesting propulsion solution in aeronautic applications due to its fast response, improving aircraft's performance for take-off, landing and flight, and enabling Short/Vertical Take-Off and Landing (S/VTOL). In this context, an attempt to design a radically new concept of thrust vectoring nozzle is in current development. This novel nozzle, called ACHEON, bases the jet deviation control on the interaction of two primary jets of different velocities, where the one with higher velocity entrains the one with lower velocity. Two cylindrical walls are positioned after the two air jets mixing. If the inlet conditions are not symmetric, the Coanda effect on the walls forces the resulting air jet to divert from the symmetry axis. This paper shows the experimental pressure distribution along the Coanda wall for different inlet.
Technical Paper

Impact of Electric Loads on Engine Shaft Dynamics within More Electric Aircraft

2015-09-15
2015-01-2409
This paper considers the electromechanical interconnection between the electrical power system of the More Electric Aircraft (MEA) and the shaft connecting the engine to the generator. In order to investigate the coupling between these two systems the effect of an electric load impact on the mechanical system of the MEA will be analysed. In the MEA, many functions traditionally powered by pneumatic, hydraulic and mechanical systems will be replaced by the electrical systems. Thus the electrical power rating will be considerably higher than that of a traditional aircraft. With the increase of electrical power, the impact of electrical load on the mechanical system, especially the engine shaft, will become significant. This paper focuses on the study of the interaction between the electrical and mechanical system.
Technical Paper

Functional Modeling of 18-Pulse Autotransformer Rectifier Units for Aircraft Applications

2015-09-15
2015-01-2412
This paper aims to develop a general functional model of multi-pulse Auto-Transformer Rectifier Units (ATRUs) for More-Electric Aircraft (MEA) applications. The ATRU is seen as the most reliable way readily to be applied in the MEA. Interestingly, there is no model of ATRUs suitable for unbalanced or faulty conditions at the moment. This paper is aimed to fill this gap and develop functional models suitable for both balanced and unbalanced conditions. Using the fact that the DC voltage and current are strongly related to the voltage and current vectors at the AC terminals of ATRUs, a generic functional model has been developed for both symmetric and asymmetric ATRUs. The developed functional models are validated through simulation and experiment. The efficiency of the developed model is also demonstrated by comparing with corresponding detailed switching models. The developed functional model shows significant improvement of simulation efficiency, especially under balanced conditions.
Technical Paper

Transient Stability Analysis of DC Solid State Power Controller (SSPC) for More Electric Aircraft

2018-10-30
2018-01-1927
The solid state power controller (SSPC) is one of the most important power electronic components of the aircraft electrical power distribution (EPS) systems. This paper presents an architecture of the DC SSPC and provides the mitigation techniques for transient voltage overshoot during its turn-off. The high source side inductance carries breaking current (9xnominal current) just before turnoff and induces large voltage transient across the semiconductor devices. Therefore, the stored inductive energy needs to be dissipated in order to prevent semiconductor switches from over-voltage/thermal breakdown. Three different transient voltage suppression (TVS) devices to reduce voltage stress across switches are included in the paper for detail study. The comprehensive comparison of the TVS devices is presented. In addition, the thermal impact of the TVS devices on the semiconductor switches is also analyzed.
Journal Article

Application of Dynamic Phasor Concept in Modeling Aircraft Electrical Power Systems

2013-09-17
2013-01-2083
As future commercial aircraft incorporates more EMAs, the aircraft electrical power system architecture will become a complex electrical distribution system with increased numbers of power electronic converters (PEC) and electrical loads. The overall system performance and the power management for on-board electrical loads are therefore key issues that need to be addressed. In order to understand these issues and identify high pay-off technologies that would enable a major improvement of the overall system performance, it is necessary to study the aircraft EPS at the system level. Due to the switching behaviour of power electronic devices, it is very time-consuming and even impractical to simulate a large-scale EPS with some non-linear and time-varying models. The dynamic phasor (DP) technique is one way to solve that problem.
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