Effect of Fuel Properties on First Cycle Fuel Delivery in a SI Engine
The fuel property effects on first cycle mixture preparation were assessed by measuring the in-cylinder fuel equivalence ratio (Φ) with a Fast Flame Ionization Detector (FFID) using four different fuels. The Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) was varied between -6°C and 80°C. The Φ values increased with both ECT and amount of injected fuel mass. The delivery fraction (fraction of the injected fuel that went into the combustible charge), however, increased with ECT but decreased with increase in injected fuel. The minimum required injected mass to produce a combustible mixture increased sharply with decrease in ECT below 20°C. There was, however, no single fuel parameter that would correlate with the measurements over the entire temperature range. Instead, the minimum required injected mass correlated to different distillation points on the ASTM distillation curve; e.g. at ECT of -6°C, it correlated to T20; at 40°C, it correlated to T50.