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Technical Paper

Study of a Novel Control Method of a Steering System for a Radio-Controlled Truck

1996-10-01
962184
A robust control method applied to a DC-motor the actuator of a steering system installed on a radio-controlled multiloader truck is developed Requirements for the control system are robustness and stability against disturbances and change in plant characteristics, and rapid and accurate response to steering commands To comply with these requirements, we applied a robust model matching (RMM) control method to the steering actuator Results of simulation analyses and a hardware-in-the-loop simulation show the effectiveness of this control method
Technical Paper

Effect of Rear-Axle Steering on Vehicle Controllability and Stability of a Medium-Duty Truck

1993-11-01
933007
This study establishes the feasibility of improving the motion characteristics of commercial vehicles by applying rear axle steering. A model-matching control algorithm for rear axle steering was used to achieve the desired yaw rate response to steering action. Simulations with a two-degree-of-freedom model evaluated the effectiveness of the control method. Results of vehicle tests on an experimental medium-duty truck with rear axle steering proved that this control method can improve vehicle yaw response. However, the simulation results did not well represent the vehicle test results, because the simulation model was too simple. Adding the roll effect to the model reduced the discrepancy between the simulation and vehicle test results.
Technical Paper

Development of a Medium-Duty Truck with a Mechanical Linkage Type Four-Wheel Steering System

1990-10-01
902257
In complying with a customer demand for improving low-speed maneuverability of commercial vehicles in narrow streets, a medium-duty truck with a mechanical linkage type four-wheel steering system with a hydraulic assist and a steering lock device is developed. A mode select gearbox allows a driver to select one of three rear-wheel steering modes; 2WS, same-phase 4WS, and opposite-phase 4WS. The steering lock device is locked during 2WS operation for preventing rear-wheel steering. An electronic control system is applied for easier mode selection, synchronization of locking and unlocking the steering lock device with a mode select operation, and vehicle speed limitation during 4WS operation. We made efforts particularly to suppress vehicle yaw motion when the vehicle is running in the same-phase 4WS mode. Several innovative new mechanisms are incorporated on this vehicle. This paper deals with these mechanisms and these functions.
Technical Paper

Numerical Simulation of Flow Around a Heavy-Duty Truck Body

1989-02-01
890599
This paper describes a preliminary study of the role of computational fluid dynamics in analyzing the aerodynamic characteristics of a heavy-duty truck body. Among truck related aerodynamic problems, we selected the soil problem on the vehicle side surfaces as the analysis subject. Because of computer capacity limitations, a half-truck-cab model with a tire and mud guard are used and created by using the multi-block transformation technique. The flow around the cab is simulated by directly integrating the Navier-Stokes equations, approximated by finite-difference equations. Calculated results on the flaw structures around the vehicle body surface where it becomes dirty under wet weather conditions provide some useful information in the search for understanding of soil problems.
Technical Paper

Application Study of Mechanically Controlled Hydropneumatic Suspension to a Commercial Vehicle

1991-11-01
912531
This paper studies the feasibility of improving vehicle ride comfort and vehicle dynamics by applying mechanically controlled hydropneumatic suspension to a medium-duty truck. Both front and rear suspensions consist of hydraulic cylinders, small gas accumulators and leaf springs. Hydraulic pressure In the cylinder is controlled by a hydraulic pressure difference between diagonally located hydraulic cylinders. Vehicle test results show that this suspension system reduces vertical vibration in the frequency range of 3 to 10 Hz, the pitch motion during braking, and the roll angle during a steady turn, when compared those the conventional suspension system. However, due to a response lag in the hydraulic control system, this system causes an unfavorable vehicle motion when there is a rapid steering operation, such as an abrupt lane change.
Technical Paper

Influence of Vehicle Body Torsional Stiffness on Vehicle Roll Characteristics of Medium-Duty Trucks

1990-10-01
902267
Because of smaller ratios of tread to height of gravitational center, longer wheel-bases, and larger moment of inertia, vehicle roll is the most important characteristics governing truck controllability and stability. And longer wheel-bases result in a reduction in vehicle body torsional stiffness. Hence, the influence of vehicle body torsional stiffness on vehicle roll characteristics is investigated. We carried out a simulation analysis and vehicle test on medium-duty trucks, in studying the vehicle frequency response characteristics by changing vehicle design parameters. The results show that a reduction in body torsional stiffness increases the steady state gain of the front roll angle without affecting the yaw and lateral characteristics of vehicle motion. Accordingly, even if body torsional stiffness is unavoidably lowered, reducing the front roll angle by increasing the roll stiffness of the front suspension can maintain appropriate vehicle controllability and stability.
Technical Paper

Influence of Vehicle Body Torsional Stiffness on the Vehicle Controllability and Stability of Medium-Duty Trucks

1989-11-01
891295
A reduction in vehicle weight sometimes results in a reduction in truck body torsional stiffness. Hence, the authors investigate the influence of vehicle body torsional stiffness on vehicle controllability and stability. A simulation analysis and vehicle test are carried out on a medium-duty truck, and the frequency response characteristics of the vehicle are studied by changing vehicle design parameters. The results show that a reduction in body torsional stiffness does not affect the yaw and lateral characteristics of vehicle motion, but increases the steady state gain of the front roll angle. Accordingly, even if body torsional stiffness is unavoidably lowered, appropriate controllability and stability can be maintained by increasing the roll stiffness of the front suspension, thereby reducing the front roll angle.
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