Cyclic Variation of CO and CO2 Emissions and Scavenging Flow in a Two-Stroke Engine
The purpose of this study is to experimentally understand the cyclic variation of combustion state in a two-stroke engine with respect to the variations in scavenging flow and the CO and CO2 emissions. The criteria of grouping combustion states into misfiring were established using the in-cylinder pressure at the crankangle of maximum variability in peak pressure instead of indicated mean effective pressure. The CO and CO2 emissions and the flow velocity variations in the transfer port and the exhaust pipe were measured. Combustion of each cycle was grouped into misfiring, incomplete firing or firing by the criteria of the in-cylinder pressure. In the cycle before misfiring, the CO and CO2 concentration showed high level and the first peak of the exhaust flow showed large velocity and the positive velocity remained for long duration, and the exhaust and the transfer port flow were steeply decelerated to negative velocity midway between scavenge port opening and bottom dead center.