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Introduction to Commercial and Off-Road Vehicle Cooling Airflow Systems

Vehicle functional requirements, emission regulations, and thermal limits all have a direct impact on the design of a powertrain cooling airflow system. Given the expected increase in emission-related heat rejection, suppliers and vehicle manufacturers must work together as partners in the design, selection, and packaging of cooling system components. An understanding and appreciation of airflow integration issues and vehicle-level trade-offs that effect system performance are important to the team effort. The severe duty cycles, minimal ram air, and sometimes unconventional package layouts present unique challenges.
Standard

COOLING FLOW MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES

1992-06-01
HISTORICAL
J2082_199206
This SAE Information Report has been prepared by the Standards Committee on Cooling Flow Measurement (CFM) at the request of the SAE Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Forum Committee (RVAC). The committee was formed in January 1985 for the purpose of investigating what measuring techniques are used by automotive product manufacturers to determine air cooling air flow rates and, if possible, to synthesize these into a recommended practice report. Although a great deal is already known about engine cooling, recent concern with fuel conservation has resulted in generally smaller air intakes whose shape and location are dictated primarily by low vehicle drag/high forward speed requirements. The new vehicle intake configurations make it more difficult to achieve adequate cooling under all conditions. They cause cooling flow velocity profiles to become distorted and underhood temperatures to be excessively high.
Standard

Cooling Flow Measurement Techniques

2018-09-26
CURRENT
J2082_201809
This SAE Information Report has been prepared at the request of the SAE Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Forum Committee (RVAC), incorporating material from earlier revisions of the document first prepared by the Standards Committee on Cooling Flow Measurement (CFM). Although a great deal is already known about engine cooling, recent concern with fuel conservation has resulted in generally smaller air intakes whose shape and location are dictated primarily by low vehicle drag/high forward speed requirements. The new vehicle intake configurations make it more difficult to achieve adequate cooling under all conditions. They cause cooling flow velocity profiles to become distorted and underhood temperatures to be excessively high. Such problems make it necessary to achieve much better accuracy in measuring cooling flows.
Standard

Refrigerant 12 Automotive Air-Conditioning Hose

2015-04-21
CURRENT
J51_201504
This SAE Standard covers reinforced hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous dichlorodifluoromethane (refrigerant 12) in automotive air-conditioning systems. The hose shall be designed to minimize permeation of refrigerant 12 and contamination of the system and to be serviceable over a temperature range of −30 to 120 °C (−22 to 248 °F). Specific construction details are to be agreed upon between user and supplier.1 NOTE—R12 refrigerant has been placed on a banned substance list due to its ozone depletion characteristics. SAE J51 specification will be phased out as new automotive A/C systems are using R134a. SAE J2064 is the Standard for refrigerant 134a hose. For refrigerant 134a use, refer to SAE J2064.
Book

Chevrolet - Racing?

2000-02-25
The sole published expose of one of racing's most famous secret activities. Originally published in 1972, Chevrolet-Racing? reveals the inside story of Chevrolet's early surreptitious involvement in racing, from 1957-1970. This re-issue of the collector's classic tells the fascinating story of how, from 1957 to 1970, Chevrolet probably acquired more successes and more technical knowledge of high performance than any other company in the world. Ironically, they never built a complete, running, race-ready vehicle; nor were ever officially represented at a race, and they never claimed credit for any Chevy products in racing wins, or promoted them in advertising for all that time. How did they accomplish what they did? This book reveals the untold story.
Standard

Non-Contact Hose Measurement Study 1

2006-01-04
HISTORICAL
J2605_200601
The Hose Measurement Task Force conducted a round-robin study to determine the measuring capability of automotive suppliers and users to simultaneously measure the Inside Diameter (ID), Outside Diameter (OD), Wall Thickness (Wall), and Wall thickness Variation (WV) of hose using a laser-based, non-contact LOTIS QC-20 gauging device. Three (3) companies (all end users) participated in this testing with one of the three companies performing the GR&R calculations presented herein. Based upon the round-robin study this report will detail procedures, test measuring devices, results, and conclusions.
Standard

Push-On Hose and Mating Hose Fittings

2009-03-04
HISTORICAL
J2552_200903
This SAE standard provides limited, dimensional and general performance requirements for low pressure, field attachable, push-on hose and their mating hose fittings. The intended application is for fluid and pneumatic power used with petroleum base hydraulic fluids, lube oils, water glycols and air, within the temperature ranges listed in Table 1. The maximum working pressure is 1.7 MPa (see Table 2). For air applications the maximum working pressure is at 0.7 MPa. Hose and hose fittings are manufactured within certain dimensions with tolerance ranges in order to provide the proper gripping and sealing. SAE J2552 hose from one manufacturer may not be compatible with J2552 hose fittings supplied by another manufacturer. It is the responsibility of the fabricator to consult the manufacturers' written assembly instructions or the manufacturers directly before intermixing hose and hose fittings from two manufacturers.
Standard

Push-On Hose and Mating Hose Fittings

2014-06-06
CURRENT
J2552_201406
SAE J2552 provides limited, dimensional and general performance requirements for low pressure, field attachable, push-on hose and their mating hose fittings. The intended application is for fluid and pneumatic power used with petroleum base hydraulic fluids, lube oils, water glycols and air, within the temperature ranges listed in Table 1. The maximum working pressure is 1.7 MPa (see Table 2). For air applications the maximum working pressure is at 0.7 MPa. Hose and hose fittings are manufactured within certain dimensions with tolerance ranges in order to provide the proper gripping and sealing. SAE J2552 hose from one manufacturer may not be compatible with SAE J2552 hose fittings supplied by another manufacturer. It is the responsibility of the fabricator to always follow the manufacturers’ instructions for proper preparation and fabrication of hose assemblies.
Standard

Dimensions and Tolerances for Coolant System Hoses

1997-10-01
HISTORICAL
J2387_199710
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide dimensions for both standard and thin-wall hoses and to provide commercial and precision tolerances for SAE 20R3 and SAE 20R4 coolant system hoses.
Standard

Dimensions and Tolerances for Coolant System Hoses

2003-01-24
HISTORICAL
J2387_200301
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide dimensions for both standard and thin-wall hoses and to provide commercial and precision tolerances for SAE 20R3 and SAE 20R4 coolant system hoses.
Standard

Dimensions and Tolerances for Coolant System Hoses

2010-08-26
CURRENT
J2387_201008
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide dimensions for both standard and thin-wall hoses and to provide commercial and precision tolerances for SAE 20R3 and SAE 20R4 coolant system hoses.
Standard

Clamping Force Test Procedure

2018-03-04
CURRENT
J2371_201803
This SAE Recommended Practice is a test procedure to obtain force data for self-compensating type clamps (SAE Type E, CTB, and CTW).
Standard

CLAMPING FORCE TEST PROCEDURE

1997-08-01
HISTORICAL
J2371_199708
This SAE Recommended Practice is a test procedure to obtain force data for self-compensating type clamps (SAE Type E, CTB, and CTW).
Standard

Coolant Hose - Normal Service Type Convoluted, Wire Support Hose (Supplement to SAE J20 for Government Use Replacing Part of MS51008)

2018-03-04
CURRENT
J20/2_201803
This SAE Standard provides ordering information for any SAE 20R5 hose type (such as “EC, HT, LT” or combination thereof.) This is a wire-reinforced hose for coolant circulating systems of automotive type engines. This hose consists of a convoluted section with plain ends. The hose shall contain a wire helix or helices in the convoluted section. It is a supplement for Government use but may be used by others.
Standard

Coolant Hose - Normal Service Type Convoluted, Wire Support Hose (Supplement to SAE J20)

2001-11-21
HISTORICAL
J20/2_200111
This SAE Standard provides ordering information for any SAE 20R5 hose type (such as "EC, HT, LT" or combination thereof.) This is a wire-reinforced hose for coolant circulating systems of automotive type engines. This hose consists of a convoluted section with plain ends. The hose shall contain a wire helix or helices in the convoluted section. It is a supplement for Government use but may be used by others.
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