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Standard

Test Method for Catalytic Carbon Brake Disk Oxidation

2013-12-04
WIP
AS6289
The scope of the test method is to provide stakeholders including fluid manufacturers, brake manufacturers, aircraft constructors, aircraft operators and airworthiness authorities with a relative assessment of the effect of deicing chemicals on carbon oxidation. This test is designed to assess the relative effects of runway deicing chemicals by measuring mass change of contaminated and bare carbon samples tested under the same conditions.
Standard

Missionized Wear Testing

2019-01-02
WIP
ARP6979
Publicize Aircraft Recommended Practice for Missionized Wear Testing on Wright Patterson’s Landing Gear Test Facility’s 168i dynamometer.
Standard

Landing Gear Based Weight and Balance Systems

2019-04-18
WIP
AIR6941
This document outlines historical systems which have used the landing gear as a sensor or installation point for full aircraft weight and balance systems. A number of systems have been developed, installed, certified, and placed in service but few systems remain in regular use. The document will capture the history of these systems, reasons (where known) for their withdrawal from service, and lessons learned.
Standard

Wheels - Radial Impact Test Procedure - Road Vehicles

2019-05-22
WIP
J3203
The SAE recommended practice provides a uniform laboratory test procedure for evaluating radial(road hazard) impact collision resistance of all wheels intended for use on passenger vehicles and light trucks.
Collection

Exhaust Emissions Control & System Integration and Durability, 2019

2019-04-02
Papers in this collection focus on technology developments and the integration of these technologies into new emission control systems. Topics include the integration of various diesel particulate matter (PM) and diesel Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) reduction technologies plus analogous technologies for the growing population of direct injection gasoline engines. Novel developments in sensors and control systems will also be considered. This collection encompasses studies in the area of exhaust aftertreatment integration and durability. Topics of interest include detailed studies on the caveats of aftertreatement system design, integration and performance. Other topics of interest include studies documenting the challenges and solutions related to durability and robustness of catalytic solutions.
Technical Paper

New Materials and Experiences for the Industrialization of Pu Structural Rim Technology

1996-04-01
91A122
Processes involving use of reactive polymers received recently considerable attention also for producing components suitable for automotive structural applications. In particular polyurethane structural RIM technology seems to be the route of choice in terms of productivity, reliability and physico- mechanical performances in order to fit the automotive industry needs in the production of parts requiring superior load bearing properties. In this frame the development of long pot life snap-cure resins, fast and effective reinforcement preforming techniques as well as the development of computerized provisional processing methodologies are of paramount importance in view of industrialization of the technology. In this paper a description of the work carried out by Enichem Montedipe and Montedison is given. In particular a new family of PU systems, based on special isocyanate variants, is reported.
Technical Paper

Critical Compression Loads on Aluminum Honeycomb Panels

1996-04-01
91A131
The purely theoretical evaluation of critical compression loads seems complex and not very reliable in the case of honeycomb panels, on account of the numerous parameters in play and their complex interrelationships. This report provides the designer with a fast tool for preliminary calculations, consisting of a finite-element mathematical model with elastic-linear code (which can be processed using a PC), which makes it possible to obtain information very closely resembling the real situation.
Technical Paper

A Driving Simulator Using Microprocessors

1988-03-01
871156
An inexpensive driving simulation system with sufficient fidelity has been developed. The system produces motion cues of four degrees of freedom, visual and auditory cues, and control feel on the steering wheel. This paper describes the features of this newly developed system and gives examples that demonstrate its effectiveness. The motion cues provided in this system are yaw, heave, and lateral and fore/aft accelerations. The lateral and fore/aft accelerations are simulated by tilting the simulator compartment. A computer-processed road image is given through a CRT monitor. The restoring torque of the steering wheel is produced by an electrical servosystem via a coil spring. Cruising sound is given in order to improve speed perception. Since the system uses digital computers, the vehicle characteristics are altered easily by merely rewriting the software. This enables us to simulate special vehicle dynamics such as front & rear wheel steering.
Technical Paper

Trends and Forecasts for Turbocharging

1988-03-01
871147
Predictable and unpredictable forces will change the direction of the charge-air systems industry. The driver of diesel engine development will be the stringent emissions regulations of the 1990s. The drivers in the gasoline engine market will be improved fuel economy, performance, durability and emissions. Forces will also influence the charge-air marketplace, including changes in emission standards, national fiscal policies, political issues, fuel prices, alternate fuels and consumer tastes. The world community mandate for engines that are clean, quiet, durable and fuel efficient will be satisfied, increasingly, by first-tier component suppliers developing integrated systems solutions.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Performance of Guideway Bus Steering Control System

1988-03-01
871231
In this paper a computer simulation study on the effects of steering parameters on lateral dynamics of the guideway bus to contribute to a development practice of designing optimum steering control system are dealt with. A stability limit of vehicle lateral motion is analyzed and an emphasis is laid on the effects of moment of inertia of a conventional steering wheel and lateral elasticity of the guide rail which have proven to reduce the critical vehicle speed. It is pointed out conclusively that a normal bus equipped with additional simple guidance equipments can be guided smoothly on a simple guideway at adequately high vehicle speed.
Technical Paper

Evaluation and Analysis of Strength of All-Ceramic Swirl Chamber for Diesel Engines

1988-03-01
871205
An all-ceramic swirl chamber has been developed and analyses and evaluations concerning the strength of silicon nitride ceramic (Si3N4) have been performed with a view to using it for the entire internal wall surface of the swirl chamber. The strength characteristics of Si3N4 and their effect and variation have been determined. On the basis of measurements and analyses of thermal stresses, assembling stresses, etc., investigation of the most suitable construction and assembling methods to reduce load stresses on ceramic, and various kinds of duration tests, the swirl chamber has been confirmed to have the required durability. This engine was found to comply with the 1987 U.S. diesel particulate regulation.
Technical Paper

Integration of Reliability, Maintainability and Quality Parameters in Design

1975-02-01
830001
Synthesizing different customer and functional requirements into an acceptable design configuration within a given space constraints is a challenging task for design engineers. The principles for designing efficiency, noise levels, maneuverability, safety, durability, etc. into the product are well understood. However, designing for reliability, maintainability and quality turns out to be a long-drawn laborious process due to unavailability of simplified design procedures. The author in this paper develops the understanding of reliability, maintainability and quality design principles and methods for products, with specific reference to vehicle designs.
Technical Paper

Silicone Thermal Interface Materials for Under-Hood Electronics

2007-04-16
2007-01-0544
Heat dissipation is one of the key issues facing automotive engineers, as performance, reliability and longevity of electronic devices have all been shown to be directly affected by temperature. The current thermal challenges are unprecedented, as smaller engine compartments and higher component density raise under-hood temperatures, while electronic devices with greater functionality and power also generate more heat than previous designs. The unique properties of silicone thermal interface materials can help achieve higher levels of physical and electrical performance in automotive electronics -- facilitating heat dissipation in a variety of forms, including adhesives, gels, encapsulants, gap fillers, fabricated pads and phase change materials.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Dynamic Characteristics of Electromechanical Commutating Devices

1999-05-17
1999-01-1710
Modern production is intensified by the extensive application of computing art to structure design. This paper deals with the results of numerical simulation of electromechanical commutating devices. Speed of operation, vibrostability, reliability and durability are basic characteristics, which can be satisfied by studying mathematical models of mechanical and magnetic systems. During the impact interaction of elastic links several modes of vibrations are excited. By developing certain conditions, the amplitudes of the higher modes can be increased by changing the intensity of energy dissipation and responsiveness of the mechanical system. Such parameters as the position and configuration of the contact elements, ratio of their natural frequencies and others should guarantee the smallest amplitudes of rebounds with a possibility to minimize transient processes occurring in the building ofthe operation.
Technical Paper

Fuel Quality Control by Mid Infrared Spectroscopy

1999-05-03
1999-01-1546
Gasolines and diesel fuels of wide source were analyzed with the aim to predict the quality through the mid infrared spectroscopy and the algorithms PCA-PCR and PLS. The results revealed that octane number, cetane number, MTBE, benzene, aromatics and specific gravity could be predicted with good reliability. The other relevant fuel physical-chemical characteristics were beyond the precision of the standard test methods.
Technical Paper

Mathematical Models of Fastened Structural Connections

1999-04-20
1999-01-1576
The development of efficient and reliable methods for the design and analysis of fastened structural connections is among the most important problems in aerospace applications because fastened structural connections are common sites of failure initiation. Numerical simulation of fastened structural connections is difficult because there are complicated interactions between the fasteners and the structural components being joined and one of the most important attributes of a fastened connection, the clearance, is a stochastic variable. This paper presents a mathematical model for frictionless shear connections and its implementation within the framework of the p-version of the finite element method.
Technical Paper

A Compact and Robust Corona Discharge Device (CDD™) for Generating Non-Thermal Plasma in Automotive Exhaust

2000-06-19
2000-01-1845
We describe the details of a particular compact and robust Corona Discharge Device (CDD™) that generates non-thermal plasma in the harsh environment of a stoichiometric exhaust. This particular CDD™ can generate plasma power of up to 15W at exhaust gas temperatures to 850C. Optimizations of geometry, material selection, and thermal design were performed by a combination of simulation and experiment. This particular design considered tradeoffs of several factors, including plasma power, EMI shielding, thermal durability, high voltage interconnection, packaging size, and exhaust emissions reduction. This particular CDD™ was designed to meet most of the same durability and survivability specifications as an O2 sensor, since both are exposed to similar exhaust environments.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Vehicle Response Data Measured During Severe Maneuvers

2000-05-15
2000-01-1644
During the past few years, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Vehicle Research and Test Center has generated a plethora of reliable vehicle test data during their efforts to study vehicle rollover propensity. This paper provides further analyses of a small selection of some of the data. The analyses provided here derive in part from the previous work, trying to answer some of the questions spawned by earlier analyses. The purpose of this paper is to introduce several new concepts to the study of vehicle roll stability and provide case studies using the results available from the NHTSA testing. Results from several severe maneuvers are studied in detail to gain understanding of vehicle response in these cases.
Technical Paper

Fundamental Physics Behind New Suspension Concept for Automobiles

2000-05-01
2000-01-1647
The Transverse Leaf suspension with Superior Roll Axis is a new suspension concept for automobiles. It enables the load transfer during a turn to be more evenly redistributed between the two wheels on the same axle thus optimizing its tires lateral force capabilities. The TLSRA concept is made up of a single transverse leaf spring linking the middle of the sprung mass to the outer end of 2 transverse suspension arms per axle. Those transverse arms are mounted close to the middle of the sprung mass with their attachment points located above the mass centroïd. Each wheel assembly is mounted directly onto the free end of its respective suspension arm. Because body roll is now counteracting vertical load transfer during transient and permanent operating conditions, this suspension enables designers to keep spring stiffness low without compromising road handling.
Technical Paper

An Automatic Vehicle Controller for Stability and Handling Tests

2000-05-01
2000-01-1627
An automatic vehicle controller (AVC) which was specified, designed, fabricated, installed and used on a variety of vehicles, including automobiles, light trucks, and sport utility vehicles is described. The AVC controls the vehicle's steering, and input waveforms of virtually any type or complexity can be specified from computer files containing steering wheel angle commands as functions of time. Also, algorithms which use motion sensor feedback in the steering control logic can be programmed. Throttle and brake controls can also be provided.
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