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Standard

Refrigerant 12 Automotive Air-Conditioning Hose

2015-04-21
CURRENT
J51_201504
This SAE Standard covers reinforced hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous dichlorodifluoromethane (refrigerant 12) in automotive air-conditioning systems. The hose shall be designed to minimize permeation of refrigerant 12 and contamination of the system and to be serviceable over a temperature range of −30 to 120 °C (−22 to 248 °F). Specific construction details are to be agreed upon between user and supplier.1 NOTE—R12 refrigerant has been placed on a banned substance list due to its ozone depletion characteristics. SAE J51 specification will be phased out as new automotive A/C systems are using R134a. SAE J2064 is the Standard for refrigerant 134a hose. For refrigerant 134a use, refer to SAE J2064.
Standard

Split Type Bushings – Design and Application

2011-06-13
CURRENT
J835_201106
This SAE Standard presents the standard sizes, important dimensions, specialized measurement techniques, and tolerances for split type bushings. Both SI and inch sizes are shown; their dimensions are not exact equivalents. New designs shall use SI units. Unless specifically stated as ±, all tolerances are total.
Standard

Low-Permeation Fuel Fill and Vent Tube

2007-07-02
CURRENT
J2405_200707
This SAE Standard covers the minimum requirements for a low-permeation tubing (100 g/m2·day or less) for use as a low pressure (14.5 kPa) liquid- or vapor-carrying component for use in gasoline or diesel fuel filler, vent, and vapor systems. The construction shall be designed to be functional over a temperature range of –40 °C to 100 °C for the T1 designation, or –40 °C to 125 °C for the T2 designation.
Standard

Use of Terms Yield Strength and Yield Point

2002-02-27
HISTORICAL
J450_200202
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to describe the terms yield strength and yield point. Included are definitions for both terms and recommendations for their use and application.
Standard

SINTERED CARBIDE TOOLS

1977-02-01
HISTORICAL
J439_197702
This recommended practice covers methods for measuring or evaluating five properties or characteristics of sintered carbide which contribute significantly to the performance of sintered carbide tools. These properties are: hardness, specific gravity, apparent porosity, structure, and grain size. They are covered under separate headings below.
Standard

SELECTION AND HEAT TREATMENT OF TOOL AND DIE STEELS

1970-04-01
HISTORICAL
J437_197004
The information in this report covers data relating to SAE J438, Tool and Die Steels, and is intended as a guide to the selection of the steel best suited for the intended purpose and to provide recommended heat treatments and other data pertinent to their use. Specific requirements as to physical properties are not included because the majority of tool and die steels are either worked or given special heat treatments by the purchaser. The purchaser may or may not elect to use the accompanying data for specification purposes.
Standard

Selection and Heat Treatment of Tool and Die Steels

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J437_201801
The information in this report covers data relating to SAE J438, Tool and Die Steels, and is intended as a guide to the selection of the steel best suited for the intended purpose and to provide recommended heat treatments and other data pertinent to their use. Specific requirements as to physical properties are not included because the majority of tool and die steels are either worked or given special heat treatments by the purchaser. The purchaser may or may not elect to use the accompanying data for specification purposes.
Standard

SOLDERS

1962-06-01
HISTORICAL
J473_196206
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Solders

2018-08-24
CURRENT
J473_201808
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

WROUGHT NICKEL AND NICKEL-RELATED ALLOYS

1976-07-01
HISTORICAL
J470_197607
This Report presents general information on over 50 alloys in which nickel either predominates or is a significant alloying element. It covers primarily wrought materials, and is not necessarily all inclusive. Values given are in most cases average or nominal, and if more precise values are required the producer(s) should be contacted. This report does not cover the so-called "superalloys," or the iron base stainless steels. Refer to SAE J467, Special Purpose Alloys, and SAE J405, Chemical Compositions of SAE Wrought Stainless Steels, respectively, for data on these alloys.
Standard

Wrought Nickel and Nickel-Related Alloys

2018-02-15
CURRENT
J470_201802
This Report presents general information on over 50 alloys in which nickel either predominates or is a significant alloying element. It covers primarily wrought materials, and is not necessarily all inclusive. Values given are in most cases average or nominal, and if more precise values are required the producer(s) should be contacted. This report does not cover the so-called "superalloys," or the iron base stainless steels. Refer to SAE J467, Special Purpose Alloys, and SAE J405, Chemical Compositions of SAE Wrought Stainless Steels, respectively, for data on these alloys.
Standard

CLEANLINESS RATING OF STEELS BY THE MAGNETIC PARTICLE METHOD

1993-05-01
HISTORICAL
J421_199305
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a rating procedure for the cleanliness rating of steels by the magnetic particle method. The procedure is based on counting the number of indications (frequency) and employs a weighted value to obtain a severity factor. The method outlined is similar to that described in SAE Aerospace Material Specification AMS 2301.
Standard

CLASSIFICATION OF COMMON IMPERFECTIONS IN SHEET STEEL

1996-03-01
CURRENT
J810_199603
Common or obvious surface imperfections, which sometimes occur in sheet steel, are normally visible to the naked eye before or after fabrication. Illustrations and definitions of these imperfections are contained in this SAE Information Report. The identifying names are those commonly used throughout the steel industry. The imperfections identified include the major and most often encountered imperfections known to exist at this time. These imperfections are variable in appearance and severity. Extreme conditions have been selected in some instances in order to obtain suitable photographs. Photographs are courtesy of the American Iron and Steel Institute, Kaiser Aluminum, LTV Steel, National Steel, The Budd Company.
Standard

High Temperature Materials for Exhaust Manifolds

1999-08-01
HISTORICAL
J2515_199908
A subcommittee within SAE ISTC Division 35 has written this report to provide automotive engineers and designers a basic understanding of the design considerations and high temperature material availability for exhaust manifold use. It is hoped that it will constitute a concise reference of the important characteristics of selected cast and wrought ferrous materials available for this application, as well as methods employed for manufacturing. The different types of manifolds used in current engine designs are discussed, along with their range of applicability. Finally, a general description of mechanical, chemical, and thermophysical properties of commonly-used alloys is provided, along with discussions on the importance of such properties.
Standard

Fastener Part Standard - Machine Screw Nuts (Metric and Inch)

2012-12-20
CURRENT
J2485_201212
This SAE Part Standard covers selected machine screw nuts manufactured in accordance with American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) dimensional standards. This document covers material most often used in ship systems and equipment but its use may be applied wherever nuts of the covered materials are used. This document permits the nuts to be identified and ordered by a part identification number (PIN) as defined in this document.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J2477_201801
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (Adi)

2003-03-25
HISTORICAL
J2477_200303
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a. Hardness b. Tensile Strength c. Yield Strength d. Elongation e. Modulus of Elasticity f. Impact Energy g. Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2004-05-26
HISTORICAL
J2477_200405
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

Power Steering Pressure Hose - Low Volumetric Expansion Type

2014-09-09
CURRENT
J191_201409
This SAE Standard covers hose fabricated from fabric braid and synthetic rubber, assembled with end fittings for use in automotive power steering applications at pressures as indicated in Table 1B, as flexible connections within the temperature range of -40 °C (-40 °F) to 121°C (250 °F) average, 135 °C (275 °F) maximum peaks. These hoses are intended for use in applications where reduction in amplitude of pump pressure pulsations is not required.
Standard

Power Steering Pressure Hose - High Volumetric Expansion Type

2012-07-05
CURRENT
J188_201207
This document covers two types of hose fabricated from fabric braid and synthetic rubber, assembled with end fittings for use in automotive power steering applications as flexible connections within the temperature range of -40 °C to +120 °C (-40 °F to +250 °F) average, and 135 °C (275 °F) maximum peaks. These hoses are intended for use in applications where reduction in amplitude of pump pressure pulsations is required. Type 1 hose shall be suitable for 10.3 MPa (1500 psi) maximum working pressure. Type 2 hose shall be suitable for 10.3 MPa (1500 psi) maximum working pressure.
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