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Standard

SOLDERS

1962-06-01
HISTORICAL
J473_196206
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Solders

2018-08-24
CURRENT
J473_201808
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Sintered Powder Metal Parts: Ferrous

2018-08-24
CURRENT
J471_201808
Powder metal (P/M) parts are manufactured by pressing metal powders to the required shape in a precision die and sintering to produce metallurgical bonds between the particles, thus generating the appropriate mechanical properties. The shape and mechanical properties of the part may be subsequently modified by repressing or by conventional methods such. as machining and/or heat treating. While powder metallurgy embraces a number of fields wherein metal powders may be used as raw materials, this standard is concerned primarily with information relating to mechanical components and bearings produced from iron-base materials.
Standard

SINTERED POWDER METAL PARTS: FERROUS

1973-08-01
HISTORICAL
J471_197308
Powder metal (P/M) parts are manufactured by pressing metal powders to the required shape in a precision die and sintering to produce metallurgical bonds between the particles, thus generating the appropriate mechanical properties. The shape and mechanical properties of the part may be subsequently modified by repressing or by conventional methods such. as machining and/or heat treating. While powder metallurgy embraces a number of fields wherein metal powders may be used as raw materials, this standard is concerned primarily with information relating to mechanical components and bearings produced from iron-base materials.
Standard

Wrought and Cast Copper Alloys

2002-12-20
HISTORICAL
J461_200212
For convenience, this SAE Information Report is presented in two parts as shown below. To avoid repetition, however, data applicable to both wrought and cast alloys is included only in Part 1. Part I—Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys Types of Copper (Table 1) General Characteristics (Table 3) Electrical Conductivity Thermal Conductivity General Mechanical Properties (Table 10) Yield Strength Fatigue Strength Physical Properties (Table 2) General Fabricating Properties (Table 3) Formability Bending Hot Forming Machinability Joining Surface Finishing Color Corrosion Resistance Effect of Temperature Typical Uses (Table 3) Part II—Cast Copper Alloys Types of Casting Alloys Effects of Alloy Elements and Impurities General Characteristics (Table 11) Physical Properties (Table 12) Typical Uses (Table 11)
Standard

Wrought and Cast Copper Alloys

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J461_201801
For convenience, this SAE Information Report is presented in two parts as shown below. To avoid repetition, however, data applicable to both wrought and cast alloys is included only in Part 1. Part I—Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys Types of Copper (Table 1) General Characteristics (Table 3) Electrical Conductivity Thermal Conductivity General Mechanical Properties (Table 10) Yield Strength Fatigue Strength Physical Properties (Table 2) General Fabricating Properties (Table 3) Formability Bending Hot Forming Machinability Joining Surface Finishing Color Corrosion Resistance Effect of Temperature Typical Uses (Table 3) Part II—Cast Copper Alloys Types of Casting Alloys Effects of Alloy Elements and Impurities General Characteristics (Table 11) Physical Properties (Table 12) Typical Uses (Table 11)
Standard

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys

2018-01-10
CURRENT
J463_201801
This standard1 describes the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements for a wide range of wrought copper and copper alloys used in the automotive and related industries.
Standard

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys

1981-09-01
HISTORICAL
J463_198109
This standard describes the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements for a wide range of wrought copper and copper alloys used in the automotive and related industries. Wrought forms covered by this standard include sheet, strip, bar, plate, rod, wire, tube, and shapes; however, form required must be specified by purchaser.
Standard

Wrought copper and Copper Alloys

2002-12-20
HISTORICAL
J463_200212
This standard1 describes the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements for a wide range of wrought copper and copper alloys used in the automotive and related industries.
Standard

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys

1976-06-01
HISTORICAL
J463D_197606
This standard describes the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements for a wide range of wrought copper and copper alloys used in the automotive and related industries. Wrought forms covered by this standard include sheet, strip, bar, plate, rod, wire, tube, and shapes; however, form required must be specified by purchaser.
Standard

Definitions of Heat Treating Terms

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J415_201801
(These definitions were prepared by the Joint Committee on Definitions of Terms Relating to Heat Treatment appointed by the American Society for Testing and Materials, The American Society for Metals, the American Foundrymen's Association, and the SAE.) This SAE revision emphasizes the terms used in heat treating ferrous alloys, but also includes for reference some non-ferrous definitions at the end of the document. This glossary is not intended to be a specification, and it should not be interpreted as such. Since this is intended to be strictly a set of definitions, temperatures have been omitted purposely.
Standard

DEFINITIONS OF HEAT TREATING TERMS

1995-07-01
HISTORICAL
J415_199507
(These definitions were prepared by the Joint Committee on Definitions of Terms Relating to Heat Treatment appointed by the American Society for Testing and Materials, The American Society for Metals, the American Foundrymen's Association, and the SAE.) This SAE revision emphasizes the terms used in heat treating ferrous alloys, but also includes for reference some non-ferrous definitions at the end of the document. This glossary is not intended to be a specification, and it should not be interpreted as such. Since this is intended to be strictly a set of definitions, temperatures have been omitted purposely.
Standard

Cast Copper Alloys

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J462_201801
This standard prescribes the chemical and mechanical requirements for a wide range of copper base casting alloys used in the automotive industry. It is not intended to cover ingot. (ASTM B30 is suggested for this purpose.)
Standard

CAST COPPER ALLOYS

1981-09-01
HISTORICAL
J462_198109
This standard prescribes the chemical and mechanical requirements for a wide range of copper base casting alloys used in the automotive industry. It is not intended to cover ingot. (ASTM B30 is suggested for this purpose.)
Standard

Bearing and Bushing Alloys

2018-01-10
CURRENT
J459_201801
The bearing performance of steel backed half bearings, bushings, and washers is dependent on the properties and thickness of the lining alloy, the strength and dimensional stability of the steel backing (usually SAE 1010) and the strength of the bond between the lining alloy and the backing. This SAE Information Report is primarily concerned with the properties of the lining alloys used in automotive applications, in particular, the crankshaft bearings of the internal combustion engine.
Standard

BEARING AND BUSHING ALLOYS

1991-10-01
HISTORICAL
J459_199110
The bearing performance of steel backed half bearings, bushings, and washers is dependent on the properties and thickness of the lining alloy, the strength and dimensional stability of the steel backing (usually SAE 1010) and the strength of the bond between the lining alloy and the backing. This SAE Information Report is primarily concerned with the properties of the lining alloys used in automotive applications, in particular, the crankshaft bearings of the internal combustion engine.
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