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Standard

TOOL AND DIE STEELS

1970-05-01
HISTORICAL
J438_197005
This standard covers the identification, classification, and chemical composition of tool and die steels for use by engineers, metallurgists, tool designers, tool room supervisors, heat treaters, and tool makers.
Standard

Tool and Die Steels

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J438_201801
This standard covers the identification, classification, and chemical composition of tool and die steels for use by engineers, metallurgists, tool designers, tool room supervisors, heat treaters, and tool makers.
Standard

SINTERED CARBIDE TOOLS

1977-02-01
HISTORICAL
J439_197702
This recommended practice covers methods for measuring or evaluating five properties or characteristics of sintered carbide which contribute significantly to the performance of sintered carbide tools. These properties are: hardness, specific gravity, apparent porosity, structure, and grain size. They are covered under separate headings below.
Standard

SELECTION AND HEAT TREATMENT OF TOOL AND DIE STEELS

1970-04-01
HISTORICAL
J437_197004
The information in this report covers data relating to SAE J438, Tool and Die Steels, and is intended as a guide to the selection of the steel best suited for the intended purpose and to provide recommended heat treatments and other data pertinent to their use. Specific requirements as to physical properties are not included because the majority of tool and die steels are either worked or given special heat treatments by the purchaser. The purchaser may or may not elect to use the accompanying data for specification purposes.
Standard

Tool and Die Steels

1970-05-01
HISTORICAL
J438B_197005
This standard covers the identification, classification, and chemical composition of tool and die steels for use by engineers, metallurgists, tool designers, tool room supervisors, heat treaters, and tool makers.
Standard

Selection and Heat Treatment of Tool and Die Steels

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J437_201801
The information in this report covers data relating to SAE J438, Tool and Die Steels, and is intended as a guide to the selection of the steel best suited for the intended purpose and to provide recommended heat treatments and other data pertinent to their use. Specific requirements as to physical properties are not included because the majority of tool and die steels are either worked or given special heat treatments by the purchaser. The purchaser may or may not elect to use the accompanying data for specification purposes.
Standard

SOLDERS

1962-06-01
HISTORICAL
J473_196206
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Solders

2018-08-24
CURRENT
J473_201808
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Sintered Powder Metal Parts: Ferrous

1966-06-01
HISTORICAL
J471_196606
Powder metal (P/M) parts are manufactured by pressing metal powders to the required shape in a precision die and sintering to produce metallurgical bonds between the particles, thus generating the appropriate mechanical properties. The shape and mechanical properties of the part may be subsequently modified by repressing or by conventional methods such as machining and/or heat treating. While powder metallurgy embraces a number of fields wherein metal powders may be used as raw materials, this standard is concerned primarily with information relating to mechanical components and bearings produced from iron-base materials.
Standard

Cleanliness Rating of Steels by the Magnetic Particle Method

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J421_201801
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a rating procedure for the cleanliness rating of steels by the magnetic particle method. The procedure is based on counting the number of indications (frequency) and employs a weighted value to obtain a severity factor. The method outlined is similar to that described in SAE Aerospace Material Specification AMS 2301.
Standard

Magnetic Particle Inspection

2018-01-10
CURRENT
J420_201801
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to provide general information relative to the nature and use of magnetic particles for nondestructive testing. The document is not intended to provide detailed technical information, but will serve as an introduction to the theory and capabilities of magnetic particle testing, and as a guide to more extensive references.
Standard

CLEANLINESS RATING OF STEELS BY THE MAGNETIC PARTICLE METHOD

1993-05-01
HISTORICAL
J421_199305
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a rating procedure for the cleanliness rating of steels by the magnetic particle method. The procedure is based on counting the number of indications (frequency) and employs a weighted value to obtain a severity factor. The method outlined is similar to that described in SAE Aerospace Material Specification AMS 2301.
Standard

PENETRATING RADIATION INSPECTION

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
J427_199103
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide basic information on penetrating radiation, as applied in the field of nondestructive testing, and to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether penetrating radiation methods apply to his particular inspection need. Detailed information references are listed in Section 2.
Standard

Penetrating Radiation Inspection

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J427_201801
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide basic information on penetrating radiation, as applied in the field of nondestructive testing, and to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether penetrating radiation methods apply to his particular inspection need. Detailed information references are listed in Section 2.
Standard

MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
J420_199103
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to provide general information relative to the nature and use of magnetic particles for nondestructive testing. The document is not intended to provide detailed technical information, but will serve as an introduction to the theory and capabilities of magnetic particle testing, and as a guide to more extensive references.
Standard

High Temperature Materials for Exhaust Manifolds

1999-08-01
HISTORICAL
J2515_199908
A subcommittee within SAE ISTC Division 35 has written this report to provide automotive engineers and designers a basic understanding of the design considerations and high temperature material availability for exhaust manifold use. It is hoped that it will constitute a concise reference of the important characteristics of selected cast and wrought ferrous materials available for this application, as well as methods employed for manufacturing. The different types of manifolds used in current engine designs are discussed, along with their range of applicability. Finally, a general description of mechanical, chemical, and thermophysical properties of commonly-used alloys is provided, along with discussions on the importance of such properties.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J2477_201801
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2004-05-26
HISTORICAL
J2477_200405
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
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