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Standard

SINTERED CARBIDE TOOLS

1977-02-01
HISTORICAL
J439_197702
This recommended practice covers methods for measuring or evaluating five properties or characteristics of sintered carbide which contribute significantly to the performance of sintered carbide tools. These properties are: hardness, specific gravity, apparent porosity, structure, and grain size. They are covered under separate headings below.
Standard

SOLDERS

1962-06-01
HISTORICAL
J473_196206
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

Solders

2018-08-24
CURRENT
J473_201808
The choice of the type and grade of solder for any specific purpose will depend on the materials to be joined and the method of applying. Those with higher amounts of tin usually wet and bond more readily and have a narrower semi-molten range than lower amounts of tin. For strictly economic reasons, it is recommended that the grade of solder metal be selected that contains least amount of tin required to give suitable flowing and adhesive qualities for application. All the lead-tin solders, with or without antimony, are usually suitable for joining steel and copper base alloys. For galvanized steel or zinc, only Class A solders should be used. Class B solders, containing antimony usually as a substitute for some of the tin or to increase strength and hardness of the filler metal, form intermetallic antimony-zinc compounds, causing the joint to become embrittled. Lead-tin solders are not recommended for joining aluminum, magnesium, or stainless steel.
Standard

CLEANLINESS RATING OF STEELS BY THE MAGNETIC PARTICLE METHOD

1993-05-01
HISTORICAL
J421_199305
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a rating procedure for the cleanliness rating of steels by the magnetic particle method. The procedure is based on counting the number of indications (frequency) and employs a weighted value to obtain a severity factor. The method outlined is similar to that described in SAE Aerospace Material Specification AMS 2301.
Standard

High Temperature Materials for Exhaust Manifolds

1999-08-01
HISTORICAL
J2515_199908
A subcommittee within SAE ISTC Division 35 has written this report to provide automotive engineers and designers a basic understanding of the design considerations and high temperature material availability for exhaust manifold use. It is hoped that it will constitute a concise reference of the important characteristics of selected cast and wrought ferrous materials available for this application, as well as methods employed for manufacturing. The different types of manifolds used in current engine designs are discussed, along with their range of applicability. Finally, a general description of mechanical, chemical, and thermophysical properties of commonly-used alloys is provided, along with discussions on the importance of such properties.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J2477_201801
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

Automotive Austempered Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings (ADI)

2004-05-26
HISTORICAL
J2477_200405
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical property requirements for Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Specifically covered are: a Hardness b Tensile Strength c Yield Strength d Elongation e Modulus of Elasticity f Impact Energy g Microstructure In this document SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived. Appendix A provides general information and related resources on the microstructural, chemical and heat treatment requirements to meet the mechanical properties needed for ADI in particular service conditions and applications.
Standard

SINTERED TOOL MATERIALS

1977-02-01
HISTORICAL
J1072_197702
This SAE Recommended Practice covers the identification and classification of ceramic, sintered carbide, and other cermet tool products. Its purpose is to provide a standard method for designating the characteristics and properties of sintered tool materials.
Standard

ELEVATED TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF CAST IRONS

1988-05-01
HISTORICAL
J125_198805
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide automotive engineers and designers with a concise statement of the basic characteristics of cast iron under elevated temperature conditions. As such, the report concentrates on general statements regarding these properties with limited illustrative data, anticipating that those who may be interested in more detail will want to use the bibliography provided at the conclusion of the report.
Standard

Elevated Temperature Properties of Cast Irons

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J125_201801
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide automotive engineers and designers with a concise statement of the basic characteristics of cast iron under elevated temperature conditions. As such, the report concentrates on general statements regarding these properties with limited illustrative data, anticipating that those who may be interested in more detail will want to use the bibliography provided at the conclusion of the report.
Standard

Automotive Malleable Iron Castings

2003-04-11
CURRENT
J158_200304
This standard covers the hardness and microstructural requirements for malleable iron castings - ferritic, pearlitic, tempered pearlitic, and tempered martensitic grades used in automotive and allied industries. Castings shall be heat treated to meet this SAE Standard. The Appendix provides general information on the application of malleable iron castings and their chemical composition to meet hardness, microstructure, and other properties needed for particular service conditions. The mechanical properties in the Appendix are provided for design purposes. The specific grades, hardness range, and final heat treatment are shown in Table 1.
Standard

Automotive Compacted Graphite Iron Castings

2007-12-17
HISTORICAL
J1887_200712
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical requirements for Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Requirements in this document include: a Tensile Strength b Yield Strength c Elongation d Graphite Morphology
Standard

Automotive Compacted Graphite Iron Castings

2018-02-15
CURRENT
J1887_201802
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and physical requirements for Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) castings used in automotive and allied industries. Requirements in this document include: a Tensile Strength b Yield Strength c Elongation d Graphite Morphology
Standard

MICROSCOPIC DETERMINATION OF INCLUSIONS IN STEELS

1983-12-01
HISTORICAL
J422_198312
This recommended microscopic practice for evaluating the inclusion content in steel has been developed as a practical method of quantitatively determining the degree of cleanliness of steel. This method has been established as a reasonable control for steel mill operations and acceptance for production manufacturing. It has been widely accepted for carbon and alloy steel bars, billets, and slabs. Exceptions are resulfurized grades which are outside the limits of these photomicrographs and the high carbon bearing quality steels which are generally classified using ASTM E 45-60T, Method A, Jernkontoret Charts.
Standard

Automotive Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings

2017-12-20
CURRENT
J434_201712
This SAE standard covers the minimum mechanical properties measured on separately cast test pieces of varying thickness and microstructural requirements for ductile iron castings used in automotive and allied industries. Castings may be specified in the as-cast or heat-treated condition. If castings are heat-treated, prior approval from the customer is required. The appendix provides general information on chemical composition, microstructure and casting mechanical properties, as well as other information for particular service conditions. In this standard SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived.
Standard

Automotive Ductile (Nodular) Iron Castings

2004-02-17
HISTORICAL
J434_200402
This SAE standard covers the minimum mechanical properties measured on separately cast test pieces of varying thickness and microstructural requirements for ductile iron castings used in automotive and allied industries. Castings may be specified in the as-cast or heat-treated condition. If castings are heat-treated, prior approval from the customer is required. The appendix provides general information on chemical composition, microstructure and casting mechanical properties, as well as other information for particular service conditions. In this standard SI units are primary and in-lb units are derived.
Standard

HARDNESS TESTS AND HARDNESS NUMBER CONVERSIONS

1983-12-01
HISTORICAL
J417_198312
This report lists approximate hardness conversion values; test methods for Vickers Hardness, Brinell Hardness, Rockwell Hardness Rockwell Superficial Hardness, Shore Hardness; and information regarding surface preparation, specimen thickness, effect of curved surfaces, and recommendations for Rockwell surface hardness testing for case hardened parts. The tables in this report give the approximate relationship of Vickers Brinell, Rockwell, and Scleroscope hardness values and corresponding approximate tensile strengths of steels. It is impossible to give exact relationships because of the inevitable influence of size, mass, composition, and method of heat treatment. Where more precise conversions are required, they should be developed specially for each steel composition, heat treatment, and part.
Standard

Automotive Ductile Iron Castings for High Temperature Applications

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J2582_201801
This SAE Standard covers the hardness, chemical analysis and microstructural requirements for ductile iron castings intended for high temperature service in automotive and allied industries. Commonly known as SiMo ductile iron, typical applications are in piston-engine exhaust manifolds and turbocharger parts. Castings may be specified in the as-cast or heat treated condition. For design purposes, the Appendix provides general information on the application of high temperature ductile iron castings, their processing conditions, chemical composition, mechanical properties and microstructure.
Standard

Automotive Ductile Iron Castings for High Temperature Applications

2004-06-15
HISTORICAL
J2582_200406
This SAE Standard covers the hardness, chemical analysis and microstructural requirements for ductile iron castings intended for high temperature service in automotive and allied industries. Commonly known as SiMo ductile iron, typical applications are in piston-engine exhaust manifolds and turbocharger parts. Castings may be specified in the as-cast or heat treated condition. For design purposes, the Appendix provides general information on the application of high temperature ductile iron castings, their processing conditions, chemical composition, mechanical properties and microstructure.
Standard

SURFACE HARDNESS TESTING WITH FILES

1993-05-01
HISTORICAL
J864_199305
Hardness testing with files consists essentially of cutting or abrading the surface of metal parts, and approximating the hardness by the feel, or extent to which, the file bites into the surface. The term "file hard" means that the surface hardness of the parts tested is such that a new file of proven hardness will not cut the surface of the material being tested.
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