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Training / Education

Automated Systems for Aerospace and Space Applications

The rapidly evolving demand for cost reductions and shrinking budgets makes the application and use of automated processes within the aerospace and space industries a necessity. While some view aerospace automation as the solution to reducing costs, others view automation technologies and processes as something that should be avoided when possible. Misunderstandings and assumptions about these complex systems can result in the improper selection and application of these systems, often leading to undesirable interactions with other elements of the assembly process and potentially, project failure.
Training / Education

Design for Additive Manufacturing Towards End-Part Production

2019-06-03
Additive manufacturing (AM), with origins in the 1980s, has only more recently emerged as a manufacturing process of choice for functional part production, adding to the suite of choices a designer has available when designing a part for manufacturing. Like other traditional processes like casting and machining, AM has its set of constraints. An added layer of complexity comes from the fact that there are several different AM processes, and some of the design constraints are process-specific.
Standard

Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles - Part 2: Communication Requirements and Network Architecture

2014-02-26
CURRENT
J2293/2_201402
SAE J2293 establishes requirements for Electric Vehicles (EV) and the off-board Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) used to transfer electrical energy to an EV from an Electric Utility Power System (Utility) in North America. This document defines, either directly or by reference, all characteristics of the total EV Energy Transfer System (EV-ETS) necessary to insure the functional interoperability of an EV and EVSE of the same physical system architecture. The ETS, regardless of architecture, is responsible for the conversion of AC electrical energy into DC electrical energy that can be used to charge the Storage Battery of an EV, as shown in Figure 1. The different physical ETS system architectures are identified by the form of the energy that is transferred between the EV and the EVSE, as shown in Figure 2. It is possible for an EV and EVSE to support more than one architecture.
Video

SAE Eye on Engineering: Ford's new steel-bodied Ranger

2018-11-08
Today, ford motor company begins U.S. production of its 2019 Ranger, the company's first midsize pickup. In this episode of SAE Eye on Engineering, Editor-in-Chief Lindsay Brooke looks at the new steel-bodied Ranger. SAE Eye on Engineering also airs Monday mornings on WJR 760 AM Detroit's Paul W. Smith Show.
Standard

Dynamic Cleat Test with Perpendicular and Inclined Cleats

2013-09-05
CURRENT
J2730_201309
This SAE Recommended Practice describes a test method for measuring the forces and moments generated at a high frequency response spindle when a rolling tire impacts a cleat. The cleat is configured either with its crest perpendicular, 90°, to the path of the tire or optionally with its crest inclined at an angle to the path of the tire. The carriage to which the spindle is attached is rigidly constrained in position during each test condition so as to provide a good approximation to fixed loaded radius operation. The method discussed in this document provides impact force and moment time histories essentially free from variations due to tire non-uniformities. The method applies to any size tire so long as the equipment is properly scaled to conduct the measurements for the intended test tire. The data are suitable for use in determining parameters for road load models and for comparative evaluations of the measured properties in research and development.
Standard

Reliability Program Standard

2012-05-07
CURRENT
JA1000_201205
This SAE standard establishes the requirement for suppliers to plan a reliability program that satisfies the following three requirements: a The supplier shall ascertain customer requirements b The supplier shall meet customer requirements c The supplier shall assure that customer requirements have been met
Book

Scrap Tires

1998-03-20
Scrap Tires: Disposal and Reuse details the historical, technological, and economic issues related to the scrap tire industry, and the manner in which the scrap tire problem is addressed. The ultimate solution will be hastened by progress in the establishment of profitable commercial enterprises and markets to utilize scrap tires for their inherent intrinsic value. Scrap Tires provides advice on how scrap tires can be used for fuels, sealants, rubber mats, playground surfaces, equestrian arenas, wastewater treatment plant composts, golf courses, and more. Written from a business perspective, Scrap Tires focuses on the economics of tire recycling, providing valuable advice to individuals or companies. In addition to an exploration of markets, the book describes how tires are chopped, the machinery used in chopping tires, the grinding process, and the engineering properties of tire chips.
Standard

AUTOMOTIVE METALLURGICAL JOINING

1970-10-01
HISTORICAL
J836_197010
This report is an abbreviated summary of metallurgical joining by welding, brazing, and soldering. It is generally intended to reflect current usage in the automotive industry; however, it does include some of the more recently developed processes. More comprehensive coverage of materials, processing details, and equipment required may be found in the Welding Handbook, Soldering Manual, and other publications of the American Welding Society and the American Society for Testing and Materials. AWS Automotive Welding Committee publications on Recommended Practices are particularly recommended for the design or product engineer. This report is not intended to cover mechanical joining such as rivets or screw fasteners, or chemical joining processes such as adhesive joining.
Standard

Surface Texture Control

2011-08-04
CURRENT
J449_201108
SAE J448, Surface Texture, has been set up for precision reference specimens using a controlled surface profile to obtain reproducible roughness values. These specimens are for instrument calibration. Appropriate symbols for roughness, waviness, and lay have also been standardized (ASA B46.1-1962 and SAE J448). For production control, especially from one geographical location to another, means are required to facilitate the inspection of surface characteristics called for by specifications which include not only roughness but profile waviness and lay. In order to integrate the requirements of the designer with the actual production of surfaces, a second grade of control standards must be adopted which will be functional in nature for the specific product being manufactured. These control standards may be Calibrated Pilot Specimens (actual parts with satisfactory texture) or Roughness Comparison Specimens (ASA B46.1-1962).
Standard

PENETRATING RADIATION INSPECTION

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
J427_199103
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide basic information on penetrating radiation, as applied in the field of nondestructive testing, and to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether penetrating radiation methods apply to his particular inspection need. Detailed information references are listed in Section 2.
Standard

Liquid Penetrant Test Methods

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J426_201801
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether liquid penetrant test methods apply to his particular inspection problem. Detailed technical information can be obtained by referring to Section 2.
Standard

LIQUID PENETRANT TEST METHODS

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
J426_199103
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether liquid penetrant test methods apply to his particular inspection problem. Detailed technical information can be obtained by referring to Section 2.
Standard

Penetrating Radiation Inspection

2018-01-09
CURRENT
J427_201801
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide basic information on penetrating radiation, as applied in the field of nondestructive testing, and to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether penetrating radiation methods apply to his particular inspection need. Detailed information references are listed in Section 2.
Standard

HANDLING AND DISPENSING OF MOTOR VEHICLE BRAKE FLUID—SAE J76 MAR85

1985-03-01
CURRENT
J76_198503
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide basic recommendations to aid in the development and use of safe and efficient practices for all operations involving the handling and dispensing of brake fluids. The quality of brake fluid is important for the safe and efficient use of motor vehicles traveling on public highways. The latest SAE Standard which conforms to legal requirements applies to any brake fluid installed in the braking system of any motor vehicle. This SAE Recommended Practice is not intended as a documentation of current commercial practices employed in the handling and dispensing of brake fluid, but it is intended as a guide toward recommended practices, based upon technical knowledge, that will require the cooperation and assistance of industry and government to implement effectively.
Standard

High-Temperature Power Steering Pressure Hose

2015-09-03
CURRENT
J2050_201509
This SAE Standard covers two types of hose fabricated from textile reinforcement and synthetic rubber, assembled with end fittings for use in high-temperature automotive power steering applications as flexible connections within the temperature range of −40 to +150 °C (−40 to +302 °F) maximum and 10.3 MPa (1500 psi) maximum working pressure. These hoses are intended for use in applications where reduction in amplitude of pump pressure pulsation is required. Class A hose has a nominal OD of 19.84 mm (0.781 in). Class B hose is a lightweight hose with a nominal OD of 17.91 mm (0.705 in). This specification defines the minimum performance levels of a flexible connector in the hydraulic steering system to convey power steering fluid from the steering pump to the steering gear.
Standard

Tension Indicating Washer Tightening Method for Fasteners

2018-04-24
CURRENT
J2486_201804
This SAE Recommended Practice covers installation and inspection methods for fasteners which are tensioned using Tension Indicating Washers (TIWs) as a means to ensure that adequate tension is developed in mechanically fastened joints. Figure 1 depicts a typical TIW, and Figure 2 depicts a fastener assembly with a TIW before and after tensioning.
Standard

Tension Indicating Washer Tightening Method for Fasteners

2013-04-15
HISTORICAL
J2486_201304
This SAE Recommended Practice covers installation and inspection methods for fasteners which are tensioned using Tension Indicating Washers (TIWs) as a means to ensure that adequate tension is developed in mechanically fastened joints. Figure 1 depicts a typical TIW, and Figure 2 depicts a fastener assembly with a TIW before and after tensioning.
Standard

Video Based Light Measurement Techniques

2014-07-24
CURRENT
J2382_201407
Traditional methods of photometry rely on the use of a goniometer to rotate the test item around two axes at right angles. This method is satisfactory for most situations but has certain disadvantages: a Point-by-point measurements with a goniometer may be slow. With more advanced requirements, particularly for headlamps, where the entire beam pattern is of concern, isocandela measurements are becoming increasingly needed. Such testing can be very time consuming. b For production quality assurance, the speed of a goniometer may not allow testing to keep pace with the production line if a large quantity of lamps must be sampled. c High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps are becoming commonly used. Such lamps are orientation sensitive, changing in both lumen output and intensity distribution when tilted. This can introduce significant inaccuracies in test results when testing is performed using a goniometer.
Standard

Modal Testing and Identification of Lower Order Tire Natural Frequencies of Radial Tires

2017-09-19
CURRENT
J2710_201709
This SAE Recommended Practice describes test methods for measuring and identifying the natural frequencies for the lower order modes of an inflated radial tire with a fixed spindle while expending modest effort and employing a minimum of test equipment. The methods apply to any size of radial tire so long as the test equipment is properly scaled to conduct the measurements for the intended test tire. Two types of boundary conditions are considered for the tire: unloaded and loaded against a flat surface. The test involves the performance and measurement of an input vibratory force (excitation) to the tire and the corresponding vibratory output (response). The data are suitable for use in determining parameters for road load models and for comparative evaluations of the measured properties in research and development. NOTE 1—The focus of this standard is identification and reporting of the lower order natural frequencies of the tire using a simple test procedure.
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