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Training / Education

Liquid Atomization, Sprays, and Fuel Injection

Liquid fuel atomization and spray formation is the heart of the majority of stationary and mobile power generation machines that we rely on. This seminar focuses on the process of liquid atomization and spray formation and how it relates to fuel injection systems and emission of pollutants in modern engines. The seminar begins with background coverage of terminology, the purposes of liquid atomization and spray formation, and different designs of atomizers and nozzles employed in various industries.
Training / Education

Motor Fuel Technology, Performance, Testing, and Specifications

2019-06-19
Fuel composition has had to change with the advent of more stringent emission regulations. Reformulated gasoline (RFG), for example, is vastly different from gasoline of even ten years ago. Tightening regulations on diesel emissions will dramatically change both diesel fuel and engine design. This three-day seminar will review the fundamentals of motor fuels, combustion and motor power generation. The primary content of the course provides a basic introduction to the technology, performance, evaluation, and specifications of current gasoline, diesel, and turbine fuels.
Book

Electronic Transmission Controls

2000-06-10
The evolution of the automotive transmission has changed rapidly in the last decade, partly due to the advantages of highly sophisticated electronic controls. This evolution has resulted in modern automatic transmissions that offer more control, stability, and convenience to the driver. Electronic Transmission Controls contains 68 technical papers from SAE and other international organizations written since 1995 on this rapidly growing area of automotive electronics. This book breaks down the topic into two sections. The section on Stepped Transmissions covers recent developments in regular and 4-wheel drive transmissions from major auto manufacturers including DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, Toyota, Honda, and Ford. Technology covered in this section includes: smooth shift control; automatic transmission efficiency; mechatronic systems; fuel saving technologies; shift control using information from vehicle navigation systems; and fuzzy logic control.
Standard

ROAD VEHICLES – 60 V AND 600 V SINGLE CORE (ISO/METRIC) CABLES – DIMENSIONS, TEST METHODS AND REQUIREMENTS

2002-09-09
HISTORICAL
USCAR23
This International Standard specifies the dimensions, test methods, and requirements for single core 60 V cables intended for use in road vehicle applications where the nominal system voltage is ≤ (60 V DC or 25 V AC). It also specifies additional test methods and/or requirements for 600 V cables intended for use in road vehicle applications where the nominal system voltage is > (60 V DC or 25 V AC) to ≤ (600 V DC or 600 V AC). It also applies to individual cores in multi-core cables. See ISO 6722 for “Temperature Class Ratings”.
Standard

Diesel Injection Pump Testing—Part 2: Orifice Plate Flow Measurement

2015-09-22
CURRENT
J968/2_201509
This part of SAE J968 specifies the flow measuring system, including the fixture, to be used for flow testing the single hole orifice plates used in an orifice plate type nozzle and holder assembly (described in SAE J968-1) which is intended for testing and setting diesel fuel injection pumps on test benches. The flow measuring system and fixture ensure accurate flow testing of the entire range of orifices from 0.4 to 0.8 mm diameter as specified in SAE J968-1. It is intended primarily for use by the manufacturers of single hole orifice plates.
Standard

Diesel Injection Pump Testing—Part 2: Orifice Plate Flow Measurement

2002-12-20
HISTORICAL
J968/2_200212
This part of SAE J968 specifies the flow measuring system, including the fixture, to be used for flow testing the single hole orifice plates used in an orifice plate type nozzle and holder assembly (described in SAE J968-1) which is intended for testing and setting diesel fuel injection pumps on test benches. The flow measuring system and fixture ensure accurate flow testing of the entire range of orifices from 0.4 to 0.8 mm diameter as specified in SAE J968-1. It is intended primarily for use by the manufacturers of single hole orifice plates.
Book

Concepts in Turbocharging for Improved Efficiency and Emissions Reduction

2014-09-22
Legislative requirements to reduce CO2 emissions by 2020 have resulted in significant efforts by car manufacturers to explore various methods of pollution abatement. One of the most effective ways found so far is by shortening the cylinder stroke and downsizing the engine. This new engine then needs to be boosted, or turbocharged, to create the full and original load torque. Turbocharging has been and will continue to be a key component to the new technologies that will make a positive difference in the next-generation engines of years to come. Concepts in Turbocharging for Improved Efficiency and Emissions Reduction explores the many ways that turbocharging will deliver concrete results in meeting the new realities of sustainable, green transportation.
Standard

Low-Permeation Fuel Fill and Vent Tube

2007-07-02
CURRENT
J2405_200707
This SAE Standard covers the minimum requirements for a low-permeation tubing (100 g/m2·day or less) for use as a low pressure (14.5 kPa) liquid- or vapor-carrying component for use in gasoline or diesel fuel filler, vent, and vapor systems. The construction shall be designed to be functional over a temperature range of –40 °C to 100 °C for the T1 designation, or –40 °C to 125 °C for the T2 designation.
Standard

Diesel Fuel Injector Assembly - Types 8, 9, 10, and 11

2015-11-24
CURRENT
J265_201511
This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of four types of fuel injectors in diesel engines. Two of the types specified are flats-located injectors. The location and dimensions of the fuel inlet, leak-off connections, and type of attachment are not defined since they may vary according to the particular application. Field of Application This document is applicable to nozzle holder types 8 and 10 of an unspecified means of angular location and flats-located types 9 and 11 with a 17.0 mm (nominal) shank diameter. The internal construction of the fuel injector remains optional with the manufacturer.
Standard

Diesel Fuel Injector Assembly--Types 8, 9, 10, and 11

1983-08-01
HISTORICAL
J265_198308
This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of four types of fuel injectors in diesel engines. Two of the types specified are flats-located injectors. The location and dimensions of the fuel inlet, leak-off connections, and type of attachment are not defined since they may vary according to the particular application. Field of Application This document is applicable to nozzle holder types 8 and 10 of an unspecified means of angular location and flats-located types 9 and 11 with a 17.0 mm (nominal) shank diameter. The internal construction of the fuel injector remains optional with the manufacturer.
Standard

Physical and Chemical Properties of Engine Oils

2006-11-06
HISTORICAL
J357_200611
This SAE Information Report reviews the various physical and chemical properties of engine oils and provides references to test methods and standards used to measure these properties. It also includes general references on the subject of engine oils, base stocks, and additives.
Standard

Physical and Chemical Properties of Engine Oils

2016-01-19
CURRENT
J357_201601
This SAE Information Report reviews the various physical and chemical properties of engine oils and provides references to test methods and standards used to measure these properties. It also includes general references on the subject of engine oils, base stocks, and additives.
Standard

Diesel Engines—Steel Tubes for High-Pressure Fuel Injection Pipes (Tubing)

2002-10-25
HISTORICAL
J1958_200210
This SAE Standard specifies dimensions and requirements for single-wall steel tubing intended for use as high-pressure fuel injection pipes on a wide range of engines (Class A), and for fuel injection pump testing (Class B, Reference SAE J1418). Tubing shall be cold drawn, annealed or normalized, seamless tubing suitable for cold swaging, cold upsetting, and cold bending.
Standard

Rated (Advertised) Fuel Capacity - Passenger Car, Multi-Purpose Passenger Vehicles, and Light Duty Trucks

2012-11-01
CURRENT
J398_201211
This recommended practice provides a method for establishing the rated or advertised fuel capacity for a vehicle utilizing liquid fuel at atmospheric pressure. It applies to passenger cars, multi-purpose passenger vehicles and light duty trucks (10 000 lb (4536 kg) maximum GVW), (Ref. SAE J1100). It also includes a standardized procedure for creating a full tank when another test requires that condition as a starting point. It is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances.
Standard

Fuel Systems—Truck and Truck Tractors

2006-11-10
HISTORICAL
J703_200611
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to all commercial, self-propelled, or towed motor vehicles which transport property or passengers in interstate commerce in which the gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating exceeds 4550 kg (10 000 lb).
Standard

Fuel Systems - Truck and Truck Tractors

2015-10-14
CURRENT
J703_201510
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to all commercial, self-propelled, or towed motor vehicles which transport property or passengers in interstate commerce in which the gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating exceeds 4550 kg (10 000 lb).
Standard

Diesel Fuel Injector Assembly - Flange Mounted Types 5 and 6

2002-12-13
HISTORICAL
J629_200212
This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of two types of fuel injectors in diesel engines. The location and dimensions of the fuel inlet, leak-off connections, and flange design are not defined since they may vary according to the particular application.
Standard

Diesel Fuel Injector Assembly - Flange Mounted Types 5 and 6

2015-11-24
CURRENT
J629_201511
This SAE Standard specifies the dimensional requirements necessary for the mounting and interchangeability of two types of fuel injectors in diesel engines. The location and dimensions of the fuel inlet, leak-off connections, and flange design are not defined since they may vary according to the particular application. Field of Application This document is applicable to nozzle holder types 5 and 6 of a flange mounted design with a 21.0 mm (nominal) shank diameter used with size S nozzles specified in ISO 2697. The internal construction of the fuel injector remains optional with the manufacturer.
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