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Training / Education

Fuel Systems Material Selection and Compatibility with Alternative Fuels

2019-04-02
This course will introduce the participants to the factors governing fuel-material compatibility and methods to predict and empirically determine compatibility for new alternative fuel chemistries.  By understanding the mechanisms and factors associated with chemically-induced degradation, participants will be able to assess the impact of fuel chemistry to infrastructure components, including those associated with vehicle fuel systems.  This course is unique in that it looks at compatibility from a fuel chemistry perspective, especially new fuel types such as alcohols and other biofuels. 
Standard

Coolants for Internal Combustion Engines

2018-03-29
CURRENT
J814_201803
This SAE Information Report is a source of information concerning the basic properties of engine coolants which are satisfactory for use in internal combustion engines. Engine coolant concentrate (antifreeze) must provide adequate corrosion protection, lower the freezing point, and raise the boiling point of the engine coolant. For additional information on engine coolants see ASTM D3306 and ASTM D4985.
Standard

Coolants for Internal Combustion Engines

2013-07-09
HISTORICAL
J814_201307
This SAE Information Report is a source of information concerning the basic properties of engine coolants which are satisfactory for use in internal combustion engines. Engine coolant concentrate (antifreeze) must provide adequate corrosion protection, lower the freezing point, and raise the boiling point of the engine coolant. For additional information on engine coolants see ASTM D 3306 and ASTM D 4985.
Standard

Fuel Filter Test Methods

2018-09-20
WIP
J905
The purpose of this fuel filter test method is to provide standardized methods for evaluating the performance characteristics of fuel filters by bench test methods. This, combined with data obtained from application tests, may be used to establish standards of performance for filters when tested by these standard methods. Many variations in requirements of filtration to protect fuel supply equipment on engines and variations in operating conditions make it difficult to specify meaningful "in-service" performance standards by which a filter may be judged. By the use of these standard test methods, test conditions are always the same, and comparisons of the laboratory performance of filters may be made with a high degree of confidence. Once the requirements of a particular application are known, performance standards for suitable filters may be established by these test methods, and adequacy of performance of filters for the job may be determined.
Standard

Fuel Filter Test Methods

2009-09-28
CURRENT
J905_200909
The purpose of this fuel filter test method is to provide standardized methods for evaluating the performance characteristics of fuel filters by bench test methods. This, combined with data obtained from application tests, may be used to establish standards of performance for filters when tested by these standard methods. Many variations in requirements of filtration to protect fuel supply equipment on engines and variations in operating conditions make it difficult to specify meaningful "in-service" performance standards by which a filter may be judged. By the use of these standard test methods, test conditions are always the same, and comparisons of the laboratory performance of filters may be made with a high degree of confidence. Once the requirements of a particular application are known, performance standards for suitable filters may be established by these test methods, and adequacy of performance of filters for the job may be determined.
Standard

Contaminants for Testing Air Brake Components and Auxiliary Pneumatic Devices—Truck and Bus

2018-09-24
WIP
J2024
This SAE Information Report establishes a minimum level of uniform recipes for contaminants which may be used when durability testing pneumatic components to obtain additional information on how a device may perform under more true to-life operating conditions. This type of contamination testing, however, is not meant to replace the type of performance testing described in SAE J1409 and SAE J1410. Durability testing in the presence of contamination, however, will yield results more reflective of actual in-service field conditions and provide an additional evaluation of pneumatic devices. While the contaminant supply rate and other test criteria of the device being tested must be set by the device manufacturer or user, the items covered in this document will be: 1.1 Formula for contaminated oil to be used as a lubricant when testing air compressors. 1.2 Formula for a contaminant to be used when testing pneumatic system components other than air compressors. 1.3 Other contaminants.
Standard

Contaminants for Testing Air Brake Components and Auxiliary Pneumatic Devices—Truck and Bus

2013-05-23
CURRENT
J2024_201305
This SAE Information Report establishes a minimum level of uniform recipes for contaminants which may be used when durability testing pneumatic components to obtain additional information on how a device may perform under more true-to-life operating conditions. This type of contamination testing, however, is not meant to replace the type of performance testing described in SAE J1409 and SAE J1410. Durability testing in the presence of contamination, however, will yield results more reflective of actual in-service field conditions and provide an additional evaluation of pneumatic devices. While the contaminant supply rate and other test criteria of the device being tested must be set by the device manufacturer or user, the items covered in this document will be:
Standard

Performance Requirements for SAE J844 Non-Metallic Air Brake Tubing and Push to Connect Fitting Assemblies Used in Vehicular Air Brake Systems

2007-08-14
CURRENT
J2494/3_200708
This SAE Standard is intended to establish uniform performance criteria and methods of testing push to connect tube fittings, with SAE J844 air brake tubing as used in vehicular air brake systems. The specific tests and performance criteria applicable to the tubing are set forth in SAE J844. The test values contained in this performance standard are for test purposes only. For environmental and usage limitations, see SAE J844.
Standard

Truck and Bus Multipurpose Vehicle Windshield Washer System

2012-01-11
CURRENT
J1944_201201
This SAE Recommended Practice provides the following for the windshield washer system for trucks, buses, and multipurpose vehicles with GVW of 4500 kg (10 000 lb) or greater: a Minimum performance requirement b Uniform test procedures. The test procedures are limited to those tests that can be conducted with uniform test equipment by commercially available laboratory facilities. c Uniform terminology of windshield washer system characteristics and phenomena. The minimum performance requirements and test procedures, outlined in this document, are based on currently available engineering data. It is intended that all portions of the document will be periodically reviewed and revised as additional data on windshield washer system performance are developed.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2006-10-01

2006-10-01
Making sense of engines Heavy-duty equipment is known for its ruggedness in harsh environments, but vehicles are not neglecting their sensitive side. The world's fastest digger gets closer JCB's Dieselmax goes 350 mph and teaches engineers much about engine capability, extreme testing, and program management. The whole system, and nothing but the system Properly implemented, an electrohydraulic system can add a great deal of automatic control, advanced performance, advanced diagnostics, and remote monitoring to a mobile application. Regenerative hydraulics The use of multiple hydraulic pumps can satisfy the needs of various circuits in off-highway equipment. The gas is greener Biofuels promise to help reduce petroleum cinsumption and CO2 emissions, but much of the potential depends on production and infrastructure investments. Material returns Effective use of materials information is important to engineers in development of parts and components.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2000-12-01

2000-12-01
Lightpipe design According to Breault Research Organization, any off-highway instrument or control that needs illumination is a candidate for a lightpipe to take light from where it is generated to where it is needed. The biodiesel choice Experts from the Natural Biodiesel Board believe it is time to consider alternatives to the current fuel structure. One solution to rising fuel prices is the pursuit of biodiesel fuels. Understanding machining difficulties in gray iron Bosch Braking Systems' engineers look more closely than usual at iron brake rotor samples to give new insights into critical characteristics of the material. Caterpillar mining for customers With commodity prices low, Caterpillar wants to make mining as productive an enterprise as possible for customers.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2006-04-01

2006-04-01
Next-generation power Additional benefits for commercial customers may drive hybrid technology adoption. Shake and bake: a recipe for testing Vehicles, components endure much in-lab abuse before they enter the commercial-vehicle market. Fuel for thought The performance and emissions of a stationary single-cylinder diesel engine is evaluated using an ethanol blend with diesel and jet fuels.
Standard

Standardization of Color and Verbiage for Fuel Inlet Closures

2012-05-31
CURRENT
J2785_201205
This SAE Recommended Practice was developed to standardize fuel inlet closure colors and verbiage by fuel type primarily for passenger car and truck applications, but it can be applied to marine, industrial, lawn and garden, and other similar applications. See Section 4, Table 1 for a list of specified colors, and text by fuel type.
Standard

Fuel Dispensing Filter Test Methods

2011-02-04
CURRENT
J2793_201102
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to gasoline and diesel fuel filters installed on fuel dispensing equipment, mobile or stationary. It describes a set of tests used to characterize the structural integrity, filtration performance, and reaction to water contaminant with fuel dispensing filters.
Standard

Small Diameter Fuel Line Permeation Test Procedure

2013-01-14
CURRENT
J2996_201301
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for the determination of the losses of hydrocarbon fluids by permeation through small diameter fuel hose typically 4.75mm ID or less and typically used on Small Off-Road Engines (SORE) less than 19 kW as regulated under 40 CFR Part 1054.
Standard

Dispenser Nozzle Spouts for Liquid Fuels Intended for Use with Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines

2012-05-31
CURRENT
J285_201205
This SAE recommended practice provides standard dimensions for liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts and a system for differentiating between nozzles that dispense liquid fuel into vehicles with Spark Ignition (SI) Engines and Compression Ignition (CI) Engines for land vehicles. Current legal definitions only distinguish between “UNLEADED Fuel” and “All Other Types of Fuel.” These definitions are no longer valid. This document establishes a new set of definitions that have practical application to current automobile liquid fuel inlets and liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts.
Standard

Specifications for Low Carbon Cast Steel Shot

2015-06-18
CURRENT
J2175_201506
This SAE Recommended Practice describes chemical analysis, hardness, microstructure, and physical characteristic requirements for low carbon cast steel shot to be used for shot peening or blast cleaning operations.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-02-01

2008-02-01
No stopping global design Global teams ride down the cyber highway. Engines play clean in the flight to meet increasing regulations Sensors, faster CPUs help reduce emissions while maintaining performance. Hydraulics have the power to control The latest generation of hydraulic systems provides an effective alternative to other forms of motion control. A home away from home Technology advances help to make equipment operators more comfortable- and more and more productive- in hte field, in the pit, and on the job site. Ryan's 'Research' put to good use The Southwest Research Institute engineer assumes SAE President duties for 2008. Biofuel effects As the off-highway industry in Europe prepares for the introduction of biofuel, specialists are attempting to anticipate potential mechanical and chemical problems it may bring to powertrain systems and component operation- and prepare the answers.
Standard

Passenger Car Windshield Washer Systems

1999-06-01
CURRENT
J942_199906
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes for passenger cars, light trucks, and multipurpose vehicles with GVW of 4500 kg (10 000 lb) or less: a Minimum performance standards for the windshield washer system. b Test procedures that can be conducted on uniform test equipment by commercially available laboratory facilities. c Uniform terminology of windshield washer system characteristics and phenomena consistent with those found in guides for the use of engineering layout studies to evaluate system performance. d Guides for the design and location of components of the systems for function, servicing of the system, etc. The minimum performance requirements and test procedures, outlined in this document, are based on currently available engineering data. It is intended that all portions of the document will be periodically reviewed and revised as additional data on windshield washer system performance are developed.
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