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Technical Paper

Control for a Comfortable Ride in Reverse Driving with an Automated Parking System

In a system with which acceleration and braking by the driver are automated, a gap against the system can be felt when the timing of acceleration or deceleration is different from that intended by the driver or the extent of acceleration or deceleration exceeds an acceptable limit. For an automated system, it is important to realize a control that provides comfort and a sense of security for the driver. This paper is related to the technology that secures the ride comfort felt by the driver (comfort and a sense of security) within an appropriate range and presents a discussion of the technological means to improve the ride comfort from a viewpoint particularly related to longitudinal direction.
Technical Paper

Development of Continuously Variable Discharge Oil Pump

Recently, for the protection of the environment, the regulation of automobile fuel consumption and exhaust gas emission has been strengthened. To improve fuel economy, it is demanded that each engine part contributes to reducing the workload of the engine, even the engine lubrication oil pump. In response to this, a new variable discharge oil pump was developed. It is the world's first internal gear type oil pump that has electronically controlled continuously variable discharge. The work performed by the pump chiefly takes two forms: sliding friction of the rotor and pumping work which moves the oil. First, in developing a variable discharge oil pump, a new tooth profile of the rotor was developed to reduce its sliding friction. As a result, the sliding friction of the rotor was reduced by 34% while maintaining the same theoretical oil discharge rate. Next, a variable discharge mechanism using an internal gear was developed.
Technical Paper

Model-Based Development Design for a Continuously Variable Discharge Oil Pump Design

Recently, for protection of the environment, the regulation of automobile fuel consumption and exhaust gas emission has been strengthened. In light of such circumstances, automobile parts are generally required to be able to improve fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust gas emission. In order to meet such requirements, the structure of fuel/exhaust-related devices has become complicated. Redesigns of future products that will be increasingly complex will lengthen the development period and reduce cost efficiency seriously.
Technical Paper

Mirror with Ultra Sonic Vibrating Water Cleaner

In order to cope with the increases of the consciousness of safety driving and the aged drivers, AISIN SEIKI CO., LTD. and TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION have aimed at improvements in rear view visibility of outside mirrors running under the raining conditions (water cleaning), and have developed mirror with water cleaning device utilizing ultra sonic vibrations. The mirror was named as ULTRA SONIC VIBRATING MIRROR and have been installed with a TOYOTA flagship car “CELSIOR” corresponding to “LEXUS” sold in the U.S.
Technical Paper

The Development of a Parking Support System Considering Driving Characteristics

Recently, automobile features designed to improve maneuverability and convenience are being improved. However, many drivers still have difficulty with parking maneuvers. Although parking is unavoidable for drivers, yet ranks third among the most difficult driving situations for Japanese drivers. Drivers in other countries also consider parking to be difficult and even skill drivers would appreciate some assistance. Therefore, a parking support system has been developed to reduce the workload for all drivers while also improving parking performance. The parking support system Human-Machine Interface (HMI) operation should be designed to easy to use for best performance. The back-in perpendicular parking performance of drivers with different skill levels was studied to see the effect of the parking support system. Back-in perpendicular parking is the major parking method in Japan.
Technical Paper

Autonomous Vehicle Control System Using an Image Processing Sensor

Development of a system which utilizes technology for the recognition of a vehicle's surroundings. Research is currently taking place in many countries, the goals of which are to improve a vehicle's safety and convenience by reducing driver strain through the automation of the recognition, judgment, and operation capabilities that are needed when driving an automobile. To recognize the vehicle's surroundings, we have adopted an image sensor system which offers superior three-dimensional recognition capabilities. In this paper, we will introduce a inter vehicle distance control system which controls the vehicle's throttle and braking functions by detecting the position of the driving lane and the distance to the vehicle in front based on the images obtained by a CCD camera.
Technical Paper

Development of Occupant Classification System

Introduction of occupant classification system which has load sensor with a strain gauge built into the seat structure, and identifies occupant's physique by measuring weight on seat, and meets the United States FMVSS requirements (new FMVSS208 Requirement).
Technical Paper

Development of Switched Reluctance Motor for EV Traction System

Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) mainly has two advantageous characteristics such as no magnet and simple construction. These characteristics contribute lower cost and higher reliability compared with other motor systems such as brushless permanent magnet motors or induction motors. However, acoustic noise and output torque ripple should be improved when the SRM is applied to a traction system for passenger electric vehicle since these characteristics directly affect vehicle quietness and drivability. In this paper, we describe a system configuration of the SRM traction system for passenger electric vehicle. The SRM traction system includes an electric motor, transmission gears and power inverter module. Then, an approach to improve acoustic noise and output torque ripple is introduced. Generation mechanisms of acoustic noise and output torque ripple are analyzed.
Technical Paper

Drive Train Vibration and Acoustic Noise Reduction Control of Switched Reluctance Motor for Electric Vehicle

Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) mainly has two advantageous characteristics such as no magnet and simple construction. These characteristics contribute lower cost and higher reliability compared with other motor systems such as brushless permanent magnet motors or induction motors. However, SRM has disadvantages that are its torque ripple and acoustic noise in particularly. Moreover, the resonance frequency mode of a motor system is excited by torque ripple, and drive train vibration is caused. These noise and vibration should be suppressed when the SRM is applied to a traction system for passenger electric vehicle since these characteristics affect vehicle quietness and drivability. In this paper, we describe an approach to suppress drive train vibration and acoustic noise.
Technical Paper

Development of Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor for Electric Vehicles

We have developed permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor (SynR motor) using inexpensive permanent magnet (ferrite magnet) for a drive motor of an electric vehicle (EV) or a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The objective of this development is to reduce the motor cost by utilizing reluctance torque without using expensive magnet (NdFeB magnet). We confirmed the developed motor is applicable by the test result when the motor performance is adapted to the system specification with high speed. Such motor design and evaluation result will be introduced hereinafter. Further, in this paper, we also introduced the comparison with a switched reluctance motor (SR motor), which we have been developing separately.
Technical Paper

Development of New Aisin Transmission for Medium Duty Truck and Bus

AISIN SEIKI CO., Ltd. Started the production of electronically controlled hydraulic automatic transmissions for medium-duty trucks and buses in 1989. The number of vehicles on the Japanese market in which this system is adopted is increasing steadily. After re-examining market needs, AISIN SEIKI CO., Ltd. has newly developed an electronically controlled hydraulic automatic transmission A580 which focuses on improved input capacity, driving performance and fuel economy for medium-duty trucks and buses and lessens learnt from experience.
Journal Article

Development of Engine Lubrication System with New Internal Gear Fully Variable Discharge Oil Pump

Over the past decades, the automotive industry has made significant efforts to improve engine fuel economy by reducing mechanical friction. Reducing friction under cold conditions is becoming more important in hybrid vehicle (HV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHV) systems due to the lower oil temperatures of these systems, which results in higher friction loss. To help resolve this issue, a new internal gear fully variable discharge oil pump (F-VDOP) was developed. This new oil pump can control the oil pressure freely over a temperature range from -10°C to hot conditions. At 20°C, this pump lowers the minimum main gallery pressure to 100 kPa, thereby achieving a friction reduction effect of 1.4 Nm. The developed oil pump achieves a pressure response time constant of 0.17 seconds when changing the oil pressure from 120 kPa to 200 kPa at a temperature of 20°C and an engine speed of 1,600 rpm.
Technical Paper

A Basic Study of a Driver's Gaze Area Detection System

With the improved safety performance of vehicles, the number of accidents has been decreasing. However, accidents due to driver distraction still occur, which means that there is a high need to determine whether a driver is properly looking at the surroundings. Meanwhile, with the trend toward partial automatic driving of vehicles in recent years, it is also urgently required that the state of the driver be grasped. Even if automatic driving is not installed, it is desired that the state of the driver be grasped and an application for control be performed depending on the state of the driver. Under these circumstances, we have built an algorithm that determines of the direction a driver is looking, to make a basic determination of whether or not the driver is in a state suitable for safe driving of the vehicle.
Technical Paper

Development of Hybrid Powertrain System for Small Vehicles

Electrification of the powertrain to improve vehicle fuel economy is a key technology to achieve strict fuel economy legislation. However, only limited numbers of small class vehicles such as a B segment adopt electric powertrain. This is presumed that cost effectiveness for fuel economy is small and mounting space for additional powertrain is limited. In this paper, the optimum solution of a strong hybrid system suitable for the small vehicles was studied. First, from the viewpoint of maximization of energy efficiency, we compared contributions of engine efficiency and transmission efficiency during mode cycle driving and selected automated manual transmission as a suitable transmission for small vehicles. In comparing the hybrid system function, we determined a motor generator connecting shaft and a necessary motor generator output power for attaining both fuel economy and drivability.
Technical Paper

Development of the Synchronizer-Less System for HV-AMT

Recently, for the aspects of ecology and economy, fuel efficiency improvement demand has been increased globally. And, various types of hybrid systems have been suggested. In response to this market demand, AISIN SEIKI has been developing Synchronizer-less hybrid automated manual transmission (HV-AMT) system aiming excellent transmission efficiency, excellent agility, and shift change quality like a step automatic transmission (AT). This hybrid system is constructed based upon a parallel 2-axis manual transmission (MT) which originally has high transmission efficiency. The synchronizer system of a MT is replaced by a Dog clutch system which does not spoil the transmission efficiency and never makes failure in synchronization. This Dog clutch system includes a modified detent function, a shift actuator of linear motor, advanced function controls for a clutch and a shift actuator.
Technical Paper

Rearview Camera Based Parking Assist System with Voice Guidance

A newly developed parking assist system, which is based on rear view camera, is disclosed. System features include ‘parallel parking aid’ with voice guidance message along with several guidelines superimposed onto the rear view camera image. Voice guide message helps driver understand appropriate timing for each procedure of parallel parking. The system was designed to let driver follow the system by voice message rather than visual guide information through the screen for safety reason. The guide algorism is designed under ‘two turns’ parking maneuvers so that required longitudinal parking space becomes minimal. A key development of this system, which is to design the guide algorism to avoid collision to adjacent vehicle during parallel parking operation, is also discussed in this paper. User can select either ‘parallel guide’ or ‘normal (such as garage parking)’ mode through touch screen switch on display surface.