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Journal Article

Transient Emissions Characteristics of a Turbocharged Engine Fuelled by Biodiesel Blends

The effects of different biodiesel blends on engine-out emissions under various transient conditions were investigated in this study using fast response diagnostic equipment. The experimental work was conducted on a modern 3.0 L, V6 high pressure common rail diesel engine fuelled with mineral diesel (B0) and three different blends of rapeseed methyl esters (RME) (B30, B60, B100 by volume) without any modifications of engine parameters. DMS500, Fast FID and Fast CLD were used to measure particulate matter (PM), total hydrocarbon (THC) and nitrogen monoxide (NO) respectively. The tests were conducted during a 12 seconds period with two tests in which load and speed were changed simultaneously and one test with only load changing. The results show that as biodiesel blend ratio increased, total particle number (PN) and THC were decreased whereas NO was increased for all the three transient conditions.
Technical Paper

In-Cylinder Optical Study on Combustion of DMF and DMF Fuel Blends

The bio-fuel, 2,5 - dimethylfuran (DMF) is currently regarded as a potential alternative fuel to gasoline due to the development of new production technology. However, little is known about the flame behavior in an optical engine. In this paper, high speed imaging (with intensifier) was used during the combustion of DMF and its blends with gasoline and ethanol (D50, D85, E50D50 and E85D15) in an SI optical engine. The flame images from the combustion of each fuel were analyzed at two engine loads: 3bar and 4bar IMEP. For DMF, D50 and E50D50, two modes were compared: DI and PFI. The average flame shapes (in 2D) and the average flame speeds were calculated and combined with mass fraction burned (MFB) data. The results show that when using DMF, the rate of flame growth development and flame speed is higher than when using gasoline. The differences in flame speed between DMF and gasoline is about 10% to 14% at low IMEP.
Technical Paper

A Real-Time Control Oriented HCCI Combustion Model in 4-Stroke HCCI/SI GDI Engine and Model-Based Fast Calibration Development

For Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion, the auto-ignition process is very sensitive to in-cylinder conditions. This includes the change in in-cylinder temperature, the composition of chemical components and their concentrations. This sensitivity presents a major challenge for the accurate control of reliable and efficient HCCI combustion. This paper outlines our recent work: 1. a real-time control oriented gasoline-fueled HCCI combustion model and its implementation in Simulink with fixed step for the conversion into dSPACE Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation purpose. 2. The development of model-based fast calibration for the best fuel efficiency and hydrocarbon emissions via evolutionary algorithm (EA). The model reported in this paper is able to run in real-time cycle-to-cycle under engine speeds below 4000rpm and with fixed simulation steps.