Comparative Studies of Dummy and Human Body Models Behavior in Frontal and Lateral Impact Conditions
In the past, many studies have been dedicated to the comparison of dummies and human body behavior in different impact conditions. However, the complex boundary conditions generated by a complete restraint system render it difficult to compare both human surrogates in a car environment. Furthermore, the great dispersion among car occupants is an additional difficulty which is difficult to overcome with experimental studies, Computer simulation, as far as a validated human body model is available, gives a unique possibility to assess the influence of some restraint parameters, whilst all remaining parameters are unchanged. To this end, a 3D finite element human body model validated in many different impact configurations against a large number of biomechanical corridors was used. In order to compare responses, models of Hybrid III and Eurosid 1 dummies were also used.