Design of a Direct Injection Retrofit Kit for Small Two-Stroke Engines
Carbureted 2-stroke engines are a worldwide pandemic. There are over 50 million 2-stroke cycle engines in Asia alone, powering motorbikes, mopeds, “three-wheelers”, “auto-rickshaws”, “tuk-tuks”, and “tricycles”. These carbureted 2-stroke engines are characterized by high levels of hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Direct injection is a technology that has shown a great ability to reduce these emissions while at the same time improve fuel economy. A prototype kit has been designed for use in retrofitting existing carbureted two-stroke engines to direct injection. The kit was designed for use on a Kawasaki HDIII; a motorcycle from the Philippines that is commonly used as a taxi. It is however, a relatively common engine design and Kawasaki manufactures similar models for sale all over the world. The retrofit kit incorporates the Orbital air blast direct injection system.