Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Search Results

Technical Paper

New DOC for Light Duty Diesel DPF System

2007-07-23
2007-01-1920
A new state of the art DOC (Diesel Oxidation Catalyst) having superior light-off and exothermic activity for forced regeneration compared to conventional Pt base passive DOC, was investigated for LDD application. The DOC uses the latest Pt/Pd technology resulting cost effective DPF system. The newly developed DOC demonstrated improved catalytic activities from Pt only DOC in model gas or engine bench tests. In this study, DOC at early development stage showed excellent light-off activity in model gas and engine bench test compared to conventional Pt only DOC, however, it showed “extinction” phenomenon which is one of the deactivation mode while the post injection and it was observed when post injection operation was done at lower DOC inlet temperatures, e.g. below 250 C. Temperature profiles along diameter and length into DOC bed while active regeneration suggested extinction would be caused by fouling of supplied hydrocarbons derived from diesel fuel.
Technical Paper

A Study of Transmission fluid Performance on Fuel Economy

2007-07-23
2007-01-1980
To apply a fuel economy performance to AT&CVT fluid for common use (hereinafter AT/CVT fluid) and manual transmission fluid, by optimizing fluid viscosity, a fundamental study was investigated. Generally, it is well known that the viscosity of polymer-added transmission fluids is gradually reduced, due to deterioration of the viscosity index improver caused by shear stress. An excessive viscosity reduction causes an operation failure or damage to the transmission. Considering above factor, the authors focused attention on the potential of a low viscosity formulation to improve fuel efficiency by reducing an internal stirring-resistance of the transmission. Also from the viewpoint of friction characteristics, the performance of a base oil was studied. Utilizing the EHL (Elast-Hydrodynamic Lubrication) tester [1] and vehicle tests, the performance of base oils was evaluated for the fluid development.
Technical Paper

Study of TWC in NOx Adsorber Catalyst System for Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

2001-03-05
2001-01-1300
Extensive research and development has been performed to develop the NOx-adsorber catalytic system, which would make Mitsubishi vehicles powered by the gasoline direct-injection (GDI™) engines comply with European Stage 4 emissions regulations. This NOx-adsorber catalytic system is a three-brick configuration, consisting of a three-way catalyst in the front (the front catalyst) and the rear catalytic converter, composed of a new NOx-adsorber catalyst and a conventional three-way catalyst (TWC). In the present research work, a special effort has been made to define the required performance of the front catalyst, particularly with HC reduction efficiency at the cold start, the steady-state leaner A/F and the transient phase of the A/F from leaner to stoichiometric. For HC reduction, it has been found that platinum (Pt) had the highest HC efficiency.
Technical Paper

Trend toward weight reduction of automobile body in Japan

2000-06-12
2000-05-0240
With society demanding automobiles that provide higher fuel efficiency, safety of occupants in collisions and that at the end of their service life can be recycled with low environmental impact, the steel industry is tackling the needs of the automobile industry by developing ever-higher performance steel materials and simulation technologies that can demonstrate the performance of steel materials at the development stage without the need for costly prototype testing. In this paper, weight reduction of automobile body in Japan will be discussed. The main items will be as follows: (1) Development of Automobile Steel Sheets, (2) Materials for Automobile Bodies, (3) Materials and Technologies (Tailored Blanks, Hydroforming and Locally Quenching) for Reducing the Weight of Panels and Reinforcing members, (4) Future Prospects.
Technical Paper

Vibro-acoustic FEA Modeling of Two Layer Trim Systems

2005-05-16
2005-01-2325
This paper investigates the potential of using FEA poro-elastic Biot elements for the modeling carpet-like trim systems in a simplified setup. A comparison between FEA computations and experiments is presented for two layer (mass-spring) trim systems placed on a test-rig consisting in a 510×354×1.6 mm flat steel plate clamped in a stiff frame excited at its base. Results are presented for a given heavy layer with two different poro-elastic materials: one foam and one fibrous material. The investigations included accelerometer measurements on the steel plate, laser-doppler vibrometer scans of the heavy layer surface, sound pressure measurements in free field at a distance of 1 meter above the plate, as well as sound pressure in a closed rectangular concrete-walled cavity (0.5×0.6×0.7 m) put on top of the test-rig. Computations were carried out using a commercial FEA software implementing the Biot theory for poro-elastic media.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of the Corrosion Durability of Steel Systems for Automobile Fuel Tanks.

2005-04-11
2005-01-0540
The Strategic Alliance for Steel Fuel Tanks (SASFT), an international group of steel producers and manufacturing companies, recently completed a major corrosion study of various steel ‘systems’ for automobile fuel tanks. The ten steel systems included low carbon steels (either pre-painted or post-painted with protective coatings) and stainless steels. The 2-year corrosion test program included testing in salt solutions to simulate road environments for the exterior of a fuel tank. Special test specimens were designed to represent a manufactured tank. The external tests used were the Neutral Salt Spray test (ASTM B117) with exposures up to 2000 hours and the Cyclic Corrosion test (SAE J2334) with exposures up to 120 and 160 cycles to represent vehicle lives of 15 years and 20 years, respectively. Additionally, the resistance to an aggressive ethanol-containing fuel (internal tank corrosion) was assessed by using uniquely designed drawn cups of the various steel systems.
Technical Paper

Comparison between Experiments and FEM Simulation of High Velocity Tensile Test Methods to Clarify Test Method's Influence of High Strength Steel

2000-10-03
2000-01-2725
In order to examine the compatibility of improvement of crashworthiness with weight-saving of automobiles by using high strength steel, a combination analysis of Finite Element Method and Dynamic Mechanical Properties has been established. The material properties used in this analysis have been measured by “one bar method” high velocity tensile tests, which can examine the deformation behaviour of materials at an actual crash speed range (∼55km/h). As for the accuracy of this system, comparison between experiments and FEM simulation both of this test machine and other high-velocity-tensile-test machines have clarified the feature of one bar method and the metallurgical features of high velocity deformation. It was confirmed that the stress-strain curve measured by the one bar method agreed with that measured by the modified Split Hopkinson pressure bar method.
Technical Paper

Study of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Using a Rapid Compression Machine

2001-03-05
2001-01-1033
The purpose of this study is to explain the characteristics of homogeneous charge compression ignition. n-Heptane, which has the same cetane number as diesel fuel, was chosen for the fuel. A rapid compression machine was used to clarify the effects of air-fuel ratio, O2 concentration, and compression temperature on ignition delay and NOx emission. These investigations allowed the introduction of a formula for ignition delay.
Technical Paper

Crashworthiness Improvement of the Side Crash by the Work Hardening Effect of Pre-Strained High Strength Steel

2001-10-16
2001-01-3112
In order to examine the compatibility of improvement of crashworthiness with weight saving of automobiles by using high strength steel, a combination analysis of Finite Element Method and Dynamic Mechanical Properties has been established. Material properties used in this analysis have been measured by “one bar method” high velocity tensile tests, which can examine the deformation behavior of materials at a bend crush speed range (∼55km/h). It was confirmed that the strength of steel measured by one bar method was raised remarkably after press and hydro forming of high strength steels. It was also confirmed by FEM analysis and load drop test that absorbed energy of bend crush was improved by pre-strain effect. Further, we proved that absorbed energy of bend crush was also improved by appropriate design of thickness and the ratio of bend span and plate length. These effects are applicable to respective high strength steels.
Technical Paper

NOx Trap Catalyst Technologies to Attain 99.5% NOx Reduction Efficiency for Lean Burn Gasoline Engine Application

2009-04-20
2009-01-1077
For fuel economy improvement by lean-burn gasoline engines, extension of their lean operation range to higher loads is desirable as more fuel is consumed during acceleration. Urgently needed therefore is development of emission control systems having as high NOx conversion efficiency as three-way catalysts (TWC) even with more frequent lean operation. The authors conducted a study using catalysts loaded with potassium (K) as the only NOx trapping agent in an emission control system of a lean-burn gasoline engine.
Technical Paper

Effect of Strengthening Mechanism on Fatigue Properties of Hot-Rolled Sheet Steels

2002-03-04
2002-01-0042
The influence of tensile strength on fatigue strength and the effect of strengthening mechanism on fatigue notch factor were investigated into conventional mild steels, HSLA steels, DP steels and TRIP steels. The grade of studied steels was altered from 440MPa to 780MPa. Not only smooth fatigue specimens with side surface ground and smooth fatigue specimens with laser-cut side surface but also fatigue specimens with a pierced hole were prepared for each of steel sheets. Fatigue tests were conducted in an axial load method. These experiments made it clear that the fatigue limits of smooth specimen increase along the tensile strength approximately independent of strengthening mechanism but those of notched specimen do not necessarily increase along the tensile strength. Namely, fatigue limits of DP steels and TRIP steels with notch increase in proportion to tensile strength although those of HSLA steels with notch do not increase.
Technical Paper

Hydrocarbon DeNOx Catalysis - System Development for Diesel Passenger Cars and Trucks

1999-03-01
1999-01-0109
1 In recent years Diesel DeNOx catalysts using additional hydrocarbons as reducing agents have been the focus of exhaust aftertreatment. The NOx reduction potential was often limited to 20 - 30 % in the European MVEG-A or the US FTP cycle by just adding a DeNOx catalyst on a vehicle. This result is explained by the fact that the catalyst was treated as a separate item and that the emission reduction strategy was not developed in a system approach. This paper summarizes results regarding the potential of state of the art Diesel DeNOx catalysts fitted to passenger cars and trucks when the exhaust gas system is optimized as a whole. The easiest way for a system approach is the combination of DeNOx catalysts with different working temperatures for NOx reduction. This has been demonstrated by the usage of several base metal catalysts for heavy duty applications. For passenger cars Platinum containing catalysts are strongly favored.
Technical Paper

Multi Attribute Balancing of NVH, Vehicle Energy Management and Drivability at Early Design Stage Using 1D System Simulation Model

2019-01-09
2019-26-0178
Improving fuel efficiency often affects NVH performance. Modifying a vehicle’s design in the latter stages of development to improve NVH performance is often costly. Therefore, to optimize the cost performance, a Multi-Attribute Balancing (MAB) approach should be employed in the early design phases. This paper proposes a solution based on a unified 1D system simulation model across different vehicle performance areas. In the scope of this paper the following attributes are studied: Fuel economy, Booming, Idle, Engine start and Drivability. The challenges to be solved by 1D simulation are the vehicle performance predictions, taking into account the computation time and accuracy. Early phase studies require a large number of scenarios to evaluate multiple possible parameter combinations employing a multi-attribute approach with a systematic tool to ease setup and evaluation according to the determined performance metrics.
Technical Paper

Trial of New Concept Diesel Combustion System - Premixed Compression-Ignited Combustion -

1999-03-01
1999-01-0185
A premixed compression-ignited (PCI) combustion system, which realizes lean combustion with high efficiency and low emissions, was investigated and its effects and problems were ascertained. With PCI combustion, fuel was injected early on the compression stroke and a premixed lean mixture was formed over a long mixing period. The test engine was operated with self-ignition of this premixed lean mixture. From the results of combustion observation and numerical simulation, a need to prevent the fuel spray from adhering to the cylinder liner and combustion-chamber wall was identified. Consequently, an impinged-spray nozzle with low penetration was made and tested. As a result, an extremely low nitrogen-oxide (NOx) emission level was realized but fuel efficiency was detracted slightly. Also, the engine operating range possible with PCI combustion was found to be limited to partial-load conditions and PCI combustion was found to cause an increase in hydrocarbon (HC) emission.
Technical Paper

Anti-Shudder Property of Automatic Transmission Fluids - A Study by the International Lubricants Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC) ATF Subcommittee

2000-06-19
2000-01-1870
In recent years, the slip lock-up mechanism has been adopted widely, because of its fuel efficiency and its ability to improve NVH. This necessitates that the automatic transmission fluid (ATF) used in automatic transmissions with slip lock-up clutches requires anti-shudder performance characteristics. The test methods used to evaluate the anti-shudder performance of an ATF can be classified roughly into two types. One is specified to measure whether a μ-V slope of the ATF is positive or negative, the other is the evaluation of the shudder occurrence in the practical vehicle. The former are μ-V property tests from MERCON® V, ATF+4®, and JASO M349-98, the latter is the vehicle test from DEXRON®-III. Additionally, in the evaluation of the μ-V property, there are two tests using the modified SAE No.2 friction machine and the modified low velocity friction apparatus (LVFA).
Technical Paper

Flexibly Controlled Injection Rate Shape with Next Generation Common Rail System for Heavy Duty DI Diesel Engines

2000-03-06
2000-01-0705
Injection rate shape control is one feature of a diesel fuel injection system that is strongly desired at this time. However, in the conventional Common Rail System (CRS), it is difficult to control the injection rate because the injection pressure is constant during the injection period, resulting in a nearly rectangular rate shape. Thus, in order to achieve injection rate control in a CRS, a Next-generation Common Rail System (NCRS) was designed and the prototype system was fabricated. With two common rails, one for low pressure fuel, and the other for high pressure fuel, the NCRS achieves injection rate shape control by controlling the fuel injector supply pressure, from the two rails. The NCRS can achieve a clear “boot” shaped injection rate, and injection rig tests confirmed that the shape could be flexibly controlled via several control parameters.
Technical Paper

The Development of Vibration Damping Steel Sheet For Automotive Use

1989-02-01
890708
Vibration Damping Steel Sheet (VDSS) for automotive use, which has a three layer structure of steel/viscoelastic resin/steel, has been studied. For automotive body panels, VDSS is required to have not only high vibration damping capability but also other properties such as bonding strength, formability, weldability and durability. In this research, the effect of resin layer on these properties was studied. It is found that VDSS which satisfies these properties can be made from thermosetting resin involving metal particles.
Technical Paper

A Reduced Order Model for a Passenger Car Turbo Charging System and Application to Engine Output Torque Profile Control

2015-09-01
2015-01-1981
Downsizing engines with a turbocharging system have been widely applied to passenger cars to improve fuel economy. Engine torque response to accelerator operation is one of important features in addition to steady state performance of the system. Torque profile management for turbocharged internal combustion engines is one of required technologies. A turbocharging system for a car is a system with a positive feedback loop in which compressed air drives the compressor after the combustion process. A reduced order model was derived for the charging system. Pressure ratio of a compressor is proportional to square of turbine speed and the turbine speed is a first order delay system to throttle opening in the model. Model structure was designed from mathematical equations that describe turbine and compressor works. Model parameters were identified from measured data. An output torque profile control strategy based on the derived model is investigated.
Journal Article

A Study on Knocking Prediction Improvement Using Chemical Reaction Calculation

2015-09-01
2015-01-1905
Compression ratio of newly developed gasoline engines has been increased in order to improve fuel efficiency. But in-cylinder pressure around top dead center (TDC) before spark ignition timing is higher than expectation, because the low temperature oxidization (LTO) generates some heat. The overview of introduced calculation method taking account of the LTO heat of unburned gas, how in-cylinder pressure is revised and some knowledge of knocking prediction using chemical kinetics are shown in this paper.
Technical Paper

New 440MPa High-Strength Steel for Vehicle Outer-Panel

2003-10-27
2003-01-2832
New 440MPa class high-strength steel, which had high r-value(1.6) and elongation(38%), was applied to outer-panel for the first time in the world. In this development FEM simulation was carried out to clarify the necessary steel properties, and the production conditions in strip mill were established. 10-kg weight reduction was realized by using this steel.
X