Analysis of Transient Noise Behavior of a Truck Diesel Engine
Based on NVH tests conducted on a heavy-duty turbocharged DI diesel engine, noise relevant differences between steady-state and transient operating condition were investigated. A vehicle drive-by test simulating the effects of vehicle mass and inertia was performed, followed by transient NVH measurements in a semi-anechoic test cell. Steady-state noise was exceeded by 5 dBA during transient operation due to broadband increase of noise excitation combined with structure resonance amplification. Transient noise results mainly from “harsher” combustion as a consequence of enlarged ignition delay indicated by significant increase in maximum cylinder pressure gradient. Variation of geartrain excitation and combustion excitation revealed that geartrain noise is of minor importance in this context.