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Technical Paper

A New Component Test Methodology Concept for Side Impact Simulation

1999-03-01
1999-01-0427
This paper describes the development of a new component test methodology concept for simulating NHTSA side impact, to evaluate the performance of door subsystems, trim panels and possible safety countermeasures (foam padding, side airbags, etc.). The concept was developed using MADYMO software and the model was validated with a DOT-SID dummy. Moreover, this method is not restricted to NHTSA side impact, but can be also be used for simulating the European procedure, with some modifications. This method uses a combination of HYGE and VIA decelerator to achieve the desired door velocity profile from onset of crash event until door-dummy separation, and also takes into account the various other factors such as the door/B pillar-dummy contact velocity, door compliance, shape of intruding side structure, seat-to-door interaction and initial door-dummy distance.
Technical Paper

Dynamic Door Component Test Methodology

1995-02-01
950877
This paper describes the development of a Dynamic Door Component Test Methodology (DDCTM) for side impact simulation. A feasibility study of the methodology was conducted using a MADYMO computer model by taking parameters such as door pre-crush, door-to-SID (Side Impact Dummy) contact velocity and the deceleration profile into consideration. The prove-out tests of this methodology was carried out on a dynamic sled test facility. The DDCTM has been validated for various carlines. In addition, various existing dynamic component test methods are reviewed. In our approach, a pre-crushed door, mounted on a sled, strikes a stationary SID at a pre-determined velocity. A programmable hydraulic decelerator is used to decelerate the sled to simulate the barrier/door deceleration pulse during door-to-SID contact period. This test procedure provides excellent correlation of the SID responses between the component test and the full-scale vehicle test.
Technical Paper

Comparative Analysis of Different Energy Absorbing Materials for Interior Head Impact

1995-02-01
950332
Various foam models are developed using LS-DYNA3D and validated against experiments. Dynamic and static stress-strain relations are obtained experimentally for crushable and resilient foam materials and used as inputs to the finite element analyses. Comparisons of the results obtained from different foam models with test data show excellent correlations for all the cases studied.
Technical Paper

Development of Foam Models as Applications to Vehicle Interior

1995-11-01
952733
Various foam models are developed using LS-DYNA3D and the model predictions were validated against experiments. Dynamic and static stress-strain relations are obtained experimentally for crushable and resilient foam materials and used as inputs to the finite element analyses. Numerous simulations were carried out for foams subjected to different loading conditions including static compression and indentation, and dynamic impacts with a rigid featureless and a rigid spherical headform. Comparisons of the results obtained from different foam models with test data show appropriate correlations for all the cases studied. Parametric studies of the effects of tensile properties of foam material and the interface parameters on foam performance are also presented.
Technical Paper

Development of a Door Test Facility for Implementing the Door Component Test Methodology

1997-02-24
970568
This paper describes the development of an automated Door Test Facility for implementing the Door Component Test Methodology for side impact analysis. The automated targeting and loading of the door inner/trim panels with Side Impact Dummy (SID) ribcage, pelvis, and leg rams will greatly improve its test-to-test repeatability and expedite door/trim/armrest development/evaluation for verification with the dynamic side impact test of FMVSS 214 (Occupant Side Impact Protection). This test facility, which is capable of evaluating up to four (4) doors per day, provides a quick evaluation of door systems. The results generated from this test methodology provide accurate input data necessary for a MADYMO Side Impact Simulation Model. The test procedure and simulation results will be discussed.
Technical Paper

High Strain-Rate Tensile Testing of Door Trim Materials

1997-02-24
971064
The objective of this study was to determine dynamic tensile characteristics of various door trim materials and to recommend a practical test methodology. In this study, Polypropylene (PP) and Acrilonitryl Butadiene Styrene (ABS) door trim materials were tested. Slow speed (quasi-static-0.021 mm/s) and high speed tests were conducted on a closed loop servo-hydraulic MTS system. The maximum stress of these materials increased from quasi-static to dynamic test conditions (as much as 100%). The dynamic stiffness of PP increased two times from quasi-static tests. No significant change in stiffness was observed for ABS during quasi-static and dynamic tests at different strain-rates. Quasi-static and medium strain-rate (10-20 mm/mm/s) tests may be adequate in providing data for characterizing the dynamic behavior of trim materials for CAE applications. Strain gages can be used to measure the quasi-static and in some cases, dynamic strain.
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