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Technical Paper

A Review of the Dual EGO Sensor Method for OBD-II Catalyst Efficiency Monitoring

1994-10-01
942057
This paper provides an overview of the dual EGO sensor method for OBD-II catalyst efficiency monitoring. The processes governing the relationship between catalyst oxygen storage, HC conversion efficiency, and rear EGO sensor response are reviewed in detail. A simple physical model relating catalyst oxygen storage capacity and rear EGO sensor response is constructed and used in conjunction with experimental data to provide additional insight into the operation of the catalyst monitor. The effect that the catalyst washcoat formulation has in determining the relationship between catalyst oxygen storage capacity and HC conversion efficiency and its impact on the catalyst monitor is also investigated. Lastly, the effects of catalyst failure mode, fuel sulfur, and the fuel additive MMT on the catalyst monitor's ability to properly diagnose catalyst function are discussed.
Technical Paper

A New Test for Catalyst Oxygen Storage Which Correlates with Catalyst Performance on the Vehicle

1994-10-01
942071
A new laboratory test for measuring catalyst oxygen storage capacity has been developed. The test accurately predicts catalyst performance on the vehicle during transient A/F excursions and correlates well with vehicle CO and Nox tailpipe emissions. The test was subsequently used to facilitate improved oxygen storage capacity for new Pd-only washcoat formulations.
Technical Paper

The Pulse Flame Combustor Revisited

1996-10-01
962118
The pulse flame combustor was adapted by researchers at Ford Motor Company in the early 1970s in order to produce exhaust gas simulating the combustion products of the internal combustion engine for the evaluation of automotive catalysts. Over the years, the pulse flame combustor has found application in a wide variety of research oriented tasks associated with automotive catalysts and emissions. More recent research and development efforts which have resulted due to elevated demands toward lower vehicle emission levels have prompted continuing refinements of the apparatus and effected innovative approaches to the study of emerging automotive catalyst and emission control issues with the pulse flame combustor. This report provides an overview of the operation and design evolution of the pulse flame combustor. In addition, recent applications of this laboratory device for studying automotive catalysts, alternative fuels, and other automotive emission control topics are reviewed.
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