Predictions of In-Cylinder Tumble Flow and Combustion in SI Engines with a Quasi-Dimensional Model
Tumble flow has been recognized as an important and positive enhancement of combustion for SI engines. Tumble flow modeling with quasi-dimensional models is difficult because of the transient nature of tumble vortex, compared with swirl flows. Although multi-dimensional models have obtained plenty of attention recently in engine research, quasi-dimensional SI engine models will continue to dominate industrial applications in the near future. In the present research, a bulk flow model has been developed for tumble flows based on angular momentum conservation. Its effect on turbulence was then modeled using a Two-Equation Model (k-ε Model). A methodology has also been developed to use particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) measurement to calibrate the quasi-dimensional bulk flow model at engine BDC to model tumble vortex and tumble-generated turbulence. The Entrainment Combustion Model was used for combustion modeling.