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Journal Article

Laboratory and Vehicle Demonstration of “2nd-Generation” LNT + in-situ SCR Diesel NOx Emission Control Systems

This study extends research previously reported from our laboratory [SAE 2009-01-0285] on diesel NOx control utilizing a new generation of Lean NOx Trap (LNT) plus in-situ Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst systems. Key findings from this work include 1) evidence for a “non-ammonia” reduction pathway over the SCR catalyst (in addition to the conventional ammonia pathway), 2) high NOx conversions utilizing LNT formulations with substantially lower platinum group metal (PGM) loadings than utilized in earlier systems, 3) ability of the downstream SCR catalyst to maintain high overall system NOx efficiency with aged LNTs, and 4) effectiveness of both Cu- and Fe-zeolite SCR formulations to enhance overall system NOx efficiency. FTP NOx conversion efficiencies in excess of 95% were obtained on two light-duty vehicle platforms with lab-aged catalyst systems, thus showing potential of the LNT+SCR approach for achieving the lowest U.S. emissions standards
Journal Article

Laboratory and Vehicle Demonstration of “2nd-Generation” LNT + in-situ SCR Diesel Emission Control Systems

Diesel NOx emissions control utilizing combined Lean NOx Trap (LNT) and so-called passive or in-situ Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst technologies (i.e. with reductant species generated by the LNT) has been the subject of several previous papers from our laboratory [ 1 - 2 ]. The present study focuses on hydrocarbon (HC) emissions control via the same LNT+SCR catalyst technology under FTP driving conditions. HC emissions control can be as challenging as NOx control under both current and future federal and California/Green State emission standards. However, as with NOx control, the combined LNT+SCR approach offers advantages for HC emission control over LNT-only aftertreatment. The incremental conversion obtained with the SCR catalyst is shown, both on the basis of vehicle and laboratory tests, to result primarily from HC adsorbed on the SCR catalyst during rich LNT purges that reacts during subsequent lean engine operation.