Design and Analysis of Starter-Alternator Installation in a Hybrid-Electric Vehicle
The idea of using a single electrical machine for both starting the engine and generating electrical power is not new. However, the real benefits, that justify the higher cost of a combined starter-alternator, become apparent when it is used as part of a hybrid powerplant. This powerplant allows a substantial improvement in fuel economy by a variety of methods (i.e. the engine shut-down during deceleration and idle, regenerative braking, etc.), as well as enhancements to engine performance, emissions, and vehicle driveability. This paper describes the analysis of the structure supporting the starter-alternator on the end of the engine crankshaft (Figure 1). It deals with the requirement to maintain a small radial gap between the rotor and stator, and it discusses how the rotor affects the loading on the crankshaft. In addition, thermal deformations of the rotor/clutch assembly are analyzed with three light-weight materials.