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Technical Paper

Switching Response Optimization for Cylinder Deactivation with Type II Passenger Car Applications

An advanced Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) system is optimized for response time in order to provide robust switching at high engine speeds. The VVA system considered is Cylinder Deactivation (CDA) for the purpose of improving fuel economy. Specifically, a Switching Roller Finger Follower (SRFF) on a Dual Overhead Camshaft (DOHC) engine is optimized for cylinder deactivation. The objective of this work is to (1) improve the latch response time when the system response is the slowest, and (2) balance the “ON” and “OFF” response time. A proper tradeoff was established to provide the minimum switching time such that deactivation and reactivation occurs seamlessly and in the right sequence. The response time optimization is accomplished while maintaining the existing packaging space of the overhead. A camshaft with a single lobe per SRFF device on a type II valvetrain was used as the baseline configuration for this study.
Technical Paper

Development of a Switching Roller Finger Follower for Cylinder Deactivation in Gasoline Engine Applications

A cylinder deactivation system has been developed for use on dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), roller finger follower valvetrain engine applications. Cylinder deactivation is emerging as an effective means to reduce fuel consumption in vehicles, especially those equipped with V6 or V8 engines. This paper addresses a new system that accomplishes this function through the use of a switching roller finger follower (SRFF). This system includes key design features that allow application of the SRFF without affecting overall width, height, or length of DOHC engines. Emphasis was placed on reducing the moment of inertia over the SRFF pivot without compromising rocker arm stiffness. The switching mechanism for transitioning between normal and deactivated operation is hydraulically actuated with engine oil. The switching windows are identified in terms of temperature, pressure, and engine speed. High engine speed test results show stable valvetrain dynamics above 7000 rpm engine speed.