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Journal Article

Analytical Study of a Dog Clutch in Automatic Transmission Application

A dog clutch, if successfully implemented in an automatic transmission, provides better packaging and the potential for improved fuel economy. The technical requirements for this concept are examined through modeling and simulation. As a first step, a physics-based component level model is developed that provides an understanding of the basic contact and impact dynamics. The model is compared to a built-in AMESim block to establish confidence. This component level model is then integrated into a powertrain system model within the AMESim environment. As a test bed, the powertrain model is exercised to simulate a friction plate to dog clutch shift in a 6-speed automatic transmission. The analysis helps to define the slip speed target at the onset of the dog clutch engagement while ensuring shift requirements are met. Finally, the model is validated by comparing the simulated results with measured dynamometer data.
Technical Paper

Normally-Engaged Dual-Piston Clutch for Engine Stop-Start Application

For the conventional 6 speed automatic transmission with engine stop-start powertrain, an electrically-driven auxiliary pump is implemented to maintain the transmission line pressure as required to lock-up the CB1234 clutch during engine auto-stop conditions. Upon releasing the brake pedal, the transmission engages into first gear with the objective to accelerate the vehicle in a responsive manner. In this study, a novel normally-engaged dual-piston clutch concept is designed to keep the CB1234 clutch locked-up during engine auto-stop conditions with the intention to eliminate the auxiliary pump without compromising vehicle performance. This dual piston clutch concept requires a relatively low line pressure to release the normally-engaged clutch when needed, thus, minimizing the hydraulic pumping work. To explore the functionality of this concept under a wide-open-throttle (WOT) auto-start transition, modeling and simulation of the normally-engaged dual-piston clutch is completed.