Development of a Hydrogen Flow Sensor
A new hydrogen flow sensor was designed and evaluated based on the concept of hot wire anemometry. This sensor is designed to measure the mass flow rate of hydrogen gas used in (but not limited to) proton exchange fuel cell, PEFC. The conceptual evaluation was initiated by deriving an electro-thermal model of the hot wire required for sensing hydrogen velocity. The modeling is done via a mechatronics software tool, Saber™. This model was validated using air as a medium. Simulated and experimental performance results and safety issues are presented and discussed in this paper. Fail safe methods and effectiveness have been investigated along with hydrogen ignition temperatures with varying hydrogen to air ratio.