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Technical Paper

Study on Engine Management System Using In-cylinder Pressure Sensor Integrated with Spark Plug

2004-03-08
2004-01-0519
There has been strong public demand for reduced hazardous exhaust gas emissions and improved fuel economy for automobile engines. In recent years, a number of innovative solutions that lead to a reduction in fuel consumption rate have been developed, including in-cylinder direct injection and lean burn combustion technologies, as well as an engine utilizing a large volume of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Furthermore, a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine is under development for actual application. However, one of the issues common to these technologies is less stable combustion, which causes difficulty in engine management. Additionally, it is now mandatory to provide an onboard diagnosis (OBD) system. This requires manufacturers to develop a technology that allows onboard monitoring and control of the combustion state. This paper reports on an innovative combustion diagnostic method using an in-cylinder pressure sensor.
Technical Paper

Development of Compact Fuel Pump Module for Motorcycles

2008-09-09
2008-32-0039
A compact, low-cost fuel pump module has been developed for use in motorcycles with a small-displacement engine. Various considerations are given to make the module as compact as possible. The pump motor, which is one of the major component parts, is down-sized specifically for applications to small-displacement engines. The pressure regulator uses a simple construction consisting only of a ball and a spring without a diaphragm. Especially noteworthy is that with the volume reduced by approximately 40% from the conventional pressure regulator while using the construction that reduces self-excited vibrations caused by fuel pressure pulsations, the pressure regulator contributes significantly to the down-sizing and cost reduction of the module. Furthermore, the down-sized module remarkably reduces the size of fuel pump mount surface, allowing a modification from the flat-surface sealing to the radial sealing.
Journal Article

Multi-Variable Air-Path Management for a Clean Diesel Engine Using Model Predictive Control

2009-04-20
2009-01-0733
Recently, emission regulations have been strict in many countries, and it is very difficult technical issue to reduce emissions of diesel cars. In order to reduce the emissions, various combustion technologies such as Massive EGR, PCCI, Rich combustion, etc. have been researched. The combustion technologies require precise control of the states of in-cylinder gas (air mass flow, EGR rate etc.). However, a conventional controller such as PID controller could not provide sufficient control accuracy of the states of in-cylinder gas because the air-pass system controlled by an EGR valve, a throttle valve, a variable nozzle turbo, etc. is a multi-input, multi-output (MIMO) coupled system. Model predictive control (MPC) is well known as the advanced MIMO control method for industrial process. Generally, the sampling period of industrial process is rather long so there is enough time to carry out the optimization calculation for MPC.
Technical Paper

Secondary O2 Feedback Using Prediction and Identification Type Sliding Mode Control

2000-03-06
2000-01-0936
Recently, much research has been carried out on secondary O2 feedback which performs control based on the output from a secondary O2 sensor (HEGO sensor). In this research it has been found that, regardless of catalyst aging conditions, the HEGO sensor output indicates 0.6 V when the catalyst reduction rate is maintained at the optimum level. Therefore, based on this relationship, we designed an accurate secondary O2 feedback with the aim of reducing emissions by stabilizing the HEGO sensor output to 0.6 V. In order to realize this control, it was necessary to solve the three problems of nonlinear catalyst characteristics, dead time characteristics, and changes in dynamic characteristics due to catalyst aging conditions. Therefore, these problems were solved using the modeling approach of robust control and a new robust adaptive control named Prediction and Identification Type Sliding Mode Control.
Technical Paper

A Quick Warm-Up System During Engine Start-Up Period Using Adaptive Control of Intake Air and Ignition Timing

2000-03-06
2000-01-0551
Early activation of catalyst by quickly raising the temperature of the catalyst is effective in reducing exhaust gas during cold starts. One such technique of early activation of the catalyst by raising the exhaust temperature through substantial retardation of the ignition timing is well known. The present research focuses on the realization of quick warm-up of the catalyst by using a method in which the engine is fed with a large volume of air by feedforward control and the engine speed is controlled by retarding the ignition timing. In addition, an intake air flow control method that comprises a flow rate correction using an adaptive sliding mode controller and learning of flow rate correction coefficient has been devised to prevent control degradation because of variation in the flow rate or aging of the air device. The paper describes the methods and techniques involed in the implementation of a quick warm-up system with improved adaptability.
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