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Technical Paper

Control of Pressure-Rise Rates of Compression Ignition by Stratification of Reformed Premixture Using Pulsed DBD Irradiation

Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was applied to control the pressure-rise rate of homogeneous compression ignition, which is an important obstacle for homogeneous charge combustion engines. DBD can produce nonthermal plasmas and has been generated in air/fuel mixtures to reform some of the fuel molecules found in such mixtures. This generally shortens the ignition delay of compression ignition of the air/fuel premixture. Stratification of the reformed premixture in the combustion chamber was achieved by pulsed DBD irradiation during the induction process. The formation of inhomogeneous distribution of the reformed premixture is expected by the formation of discharge at the end of the intake processes. A demonstrative experiment was conducted by using a rapid compression and expansion machine. A simple plasma reactor was developed and installed at the intake tube. High-voltage, high-frequency pulses were applied to form plasmas. n-Heptane was used as fuel.
Journal Article

Dual-Point Laser Ignition and its Location Effects on Combustion in Lean-Burn Gas Engine

As a result of the excavation of unconventional sources of natural gas, which has rich reserves, has attracted attention as a fuel for use in natural gas engines for power generation. From the viewpoints of efficient resource utilization and environmental protection, lean burn is an attractive technique for realizing a higher thermal efficiency with lower NOx emissions. However, ignition systems have to be improved for lean-burn operations. Laser ignition, which is expected to serve as an alternative to spark plug ignition, can decrease the heat loss and has no restriction on the ignition location because of the absence of an electrode. Consequently, an extension of the lean-burn limit by laser ignition has been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated the effects of the location and number of laser ignition points on engine performance and exhaust emissions. Laser ignition was also compared with conventional spark plug ignition.