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Journal Article

Study of the Mechanism of Accessory Drive Belt Noise

The mechanism of noise production in engine accessory drive belts was discussed. Applying geometric considerations to the transversal vibration of the belt, which is one cause of belt noise, the research showed that vibration of the belt is affected by fluctuations in the rotational speed of the crankshaft, and that the amplitude of the vibrations fluctuates cyclically. The cycle of this amplitude fluctuation is synchronous with engine speed, and for a 3-cylinder gasoline engine, its frequency is the (1.5*n)th engine rotation order. The spectrum pattern of belt vibration therefore shows components of the natural frequency±(1.5*n)th orders. The research demonstrated that at engine speeds at which the natural frequency±(1.5*n)th orders and the (1.5*n)th order frequencies, the engine excitation orders, are identical, multiple engine orders excite resonance in the belt, producing a high degree of belt vibration.
Technical Paper

Introduction of a New Method of Solving Wear Problems Caused by the Swing Motion Occurring between the Roller and the Sliding Contact Surface

In an attempt to decrease the amount of CO2 emitted by engines and yet improve engine output power, various approaches to the development of variable valve-lift mechanisms and the application of direct fuel injection and supercharger mechanisms are rapidly gaining popularity. In the case of the swing motion which takes place in variable valve-lift mechanisms, the relative speed between the two components reaches zero at the location where the load is high and the oil film tends to break, thereby leading to wear. Furthermore, the use of a supercharger and a direct injection device generates soot, which promotes further wear. Therefore establishing a reliable method for estimating wear has become a pressing issue. Wear problems caused by the swing motion occur during boundary lubrication, and we have devised a solution for them.