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Technical Paper

Integration of 3D Combustion Simulations and Conjugate Heat Transfer Analysis to Quantitatively Evaluate Component Temperatures

Crucial specifications of an engine are spread widely in various subsystems, such as cooling system, intake and exhaust system, combustion system, etc. Well-informed design decision and optimized design solution cannot be reached without considering interactions among subsystems. Even though significant progresses on CAE technologies have been made to address physical and chemical phenomena in each subsystem, there are few studies in literature to model an engine with a reasonable coverage of subsystems in an integrated fashion. The necessity of such approach is justified from two aspects. Firstly, modifications in one subsystem could result in changes in other subsystems. Secondly, frequently due to experimental constraints or availability of prototypes which is the case for new engine design, boundary conditions for a subsystem of interest can only be obtained from integrated numerical simulations with other subsystems.
Technical Paper

Engine Knock Toughness Improvement Through Water Jacket Optimization

Improvement of engine cycle thermal efficiency is an effective way to increase engine torque and to reduce fuel consumption simultaneously. However, the extent of the improvement is limited by engine knock, which is more evident at low engine speeds when combustion flame propagation is relatively slow. To prevent engine damage due to knock, the spark ignition timing of a gasoline engine is usually controlled by a knock sensor. Therefore, an engine's ignition timing cannot be set freely to achieve best engine performance and fuel economy. Whether ignition timings for a multi-cylinder engine are the same or can be set differently for each cylinder, it is not desirable for each cylinder has big deviation from the median with respect to knock tendency. It is apparent that effective measures to improve engine knock toughness should address both uniformity of all cylinders of a multi-cylinder engine and improvement of median knock toughness.