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Technical Paper

Prediction of Power Transmission Efficiency for Two-Mode Half-Toroidal IVT

Infinitely variable transmission (IVT) is one of the methods used to extend the ratio coverage. In this paper, a dynamic behavior analysis technology was developed for an IVT utilizing a half-toroidal variator as the shifting device. The traction coefficient of traction fluid used for the half-toroidal IVT varies greatly according to contact surface slip rate, contact pressure and fluid temperature. This paper used measurement values from a four-roller machine to identify the coefficient, and then applied it to the dynamic behavior analysis. Use of the identified traction coefficient enabled power transmission characteristic predictions of a half-toroidal variator. To reproduce the elastic deformation in actual operation, the research used the Finite Element Method (FEM) for modeling. This model was also used to visualize the frictional state of traction surfaces during operation.
Technical Paper

Study of Effect of CVT Pulleys on Strength and Transmission Efficiency of Metal Pushing V-belts

In designing CVT pulleys, the effect of the fit clearance of the movable pulleys and their stiffness on the transmission efficiency and strength of the metal pushing V-belt is not necessarily clear. The research discussed in this paper introduced a pulley model that defined the pulleys as elastic bodies to a previously developed technology for the prediction of the transmission efficiency of the belts. As a result, it was found that when the fit clearance is reduced, the transmission efficiency of the belt is increased, and the amplitude of stress on the innermost rings and the element neck section is reduced. In addition, it was found that if pulley stiffness was reduced transmission efficiency was also reduced, and the amplitude of stress on the element neck section increased. This indicated that the fit clearance and the pulley stiffness changed the degree of deflection of the pulleys in the axial direction.
Technical Paper

Prediction of CVT Transmission Efficiency by Metal V-Belt and Pulley Behavior with Feedback Control

A simulation technology has been developed to predict the transmission efficiency of a metal pushing V-belt and pulleys that make up the drive system of a continuously variable transmission (CVT). When a CVT operates in an actual vehicle, pulley thrust pressure is adjusted by feedback control to maintain a speed ratio. This feedback control has been implemented, for the first time, in an existing simulation that predicts the dynamic behavior of a metal V-belt using explicit structural analysis. The new simulation enables stable control of a target speed ratio when appropriate gains are set for each analysis condition.
Technical Paper

Study of Self-induced Vibration in an Operating Metal Pushing V-belt CVT

The mechanism of vibration in a metal pushing V-belt was analyzed using a simulation of the dynamic behavior of the belt in order to identify measures in response to unexpected noise occurring during CVT development. The results showed that the unexpected noise originated in self-induced vibration occurring when the elements of the belt moved in the radial direction close to the exit of the drive pulley. This paper will also discuss the realization of a method of reducing the unexpected noise.
Technical Paper

Study of Durability Prediction with Focus on Wear Properties for Multiple Plate Clutches

To increase the durability of multiple-plate clutches used in automatic transmissions, attention was focused on the wear history of the facing material. Measurements have confirmed that correlations can be observed between initial wear and disk contact pressure when the clutch is engaged, and between steady wear and plate temperature. Next, simulation technology was developed to quantify the disk contact pressure and plate temperature. When simulated contact pressure distribution and temperature distribution were used to establish correlations with durability wear, good proportional relationships were found in both cases. It was also found that when clutch specifications and driving conditions were varied, the gradient of the correction also varied, but the correlation remained proportional as long as the same facing material was used. The gradient was ranked as a wear property specific to the facing material.