Incorporating Weld Residual Stress Effects into Fatigue Life Predictions using the Battelle Structural Stress Method
Welding induced residual stresses are an important factor to consider when evaluating fatigue design of welded automotive parts. Fortunately, design engineers have various residual stress mitigation technologies at their disposal for improving the fatigue performance of these parts. For this purpose, it is essential to understand the relationship between the residual stresses and fatigue performance quantitatively as well as qualitatively. It has been widely accepted that tensile residual stresses in welded structures are as high as the material yield strength level. Therefore, the fatigue strength of welded joints is governed predominantly by the applied stress range, regardless of the load ratio. However, in stress relieved components the tensile residual stress level is not as high, and the weld fatigue behavior is more influenced by the load ratio.