Modelling of soot formation in diesel engines exploiting measurements of soot volume fraction and diameter
Quantitative measurements of the soot volume fraction and diameter performed by spectroscopic techniques within the combustion chamber of a diesel engine are employed to aid multidimensional simulation of the soot formation and oxidation processes. By changing the start of fuel injection, two different operating conditions are considered, which are characterized by different relative importance of the premixed to the diffusive stage of the combustion process. Both the reduced models by Hiroyasu et al., and the one by Nagle and Strikland- Constable are employed within the numerical simulation. The reason of the peculiar over-prediction of soot concentration of the latter model is discussed and related to the need of furnishing coherent values of the soot particle density and mean diameter.