The Effect of Vehicle Cruising Speed on the Dynamics of Automotive Hypoid Gears
The dynamics of automotive differentials have been studied extensively to improve their efficiency and additionally, in recent years, generated noise and vibration. Various mathematical models have been proposed to describe the contact/impact of gear teeth pairs. However, the influence of vehicular cruising speed on the resisting torque has not been considered in sufficient detail. This can lead to unrealistic predictions with regards to loss of contact of teeth pair, a phenomenon which leads to NVH issues. The current work presents a torsional model of a hypoid gear pair. The resisting torque is a function of the traction force and aerodynamic drag, whilst the vehicle is cruising at nominally constant speed. The pinion input torque is derived through assumed instantaneous equilibrium conditions. In this approach, realistic excitation capturing the vehicle's driving conditions is imposed on the dynamics of the hypoid gear pair.