A Systematic Approach for Design of Engine Crankcase Through Stress Optimization
The cylinder block for the power train has always been a classic example of concurrent engineering in which disciplines like NVH, Durability, thermal management and lubrication system layout contribute interactively for concept design. Since the concept design is based on engineering judgment and is an estimated design, the design iterations for optimization are inevitable. This paper aims at outlining a systematic approach for design of crankcase for fatigue which would eliminate design iterations for durability. This allows a larger scope for design improvement at the concept stage as the design specifications are not matured at this stage. A process of stress optimization is adopted which gives accurate dimensional input to design. The approach is illustrated with a case study where an existing crankcase was optimized for fatigue and significant weight reduction was achieved.