Simulation of Gear Shift Force Curve and Shift Rail Ramp Profile
This paper presents a simulation for the gear shift process of a manual transmission, implemented using a library function. All the subsystem (i.e. synchronizer and the shift system) are correlated to generate a gear shift curve for optimum shift ability prediction of a manual transmission. A 5-speed manual transmission is used as an example in the paper to illustrate the simulation, co-relation and the validation of the gear shift performance curve on the vehicle. The dynamic behavior of the shift system and synchronizer in engaging and disengaging the gear is simulated through the gear shift characteristics to generate the shift rail's ramp profile. The synchronizer travel is co-related with the shift rail ramp profile to get a negative force after synchronization is over. The profile indicates the role of the detent ball diameter, radius on the shift rail ramp's profile etc and how it affects synchronizer force over the shift rail travel.