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Technical Paper

Developments of the Reduced Chemical Reaction Scheme for Multi-Component Gasoline Fuel

The reduced chemical reaction scheme which can take the effect of major fuel components on auto ignition timing into account has been developed. This reaction scheme was based on the reduced reaction mechanism for the primary reference fuels (PRF) proposed by Tsurushima [1] with 33 species and 38 reactions. Some pre-exponential factors were modified by using Particle Swarm Optimization to match the ignition delay time versus reciprocal temperature which was calculated by the detailed scheme with 2,301 species and 11,116 elementary chemical reactions. The result using the present reaction scheme shows good agreements with that using the detailed scheme for the effects of EGR, fuel components, and radical species on the ignition timing under homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion (HCCI) conditions.
Technical Paper

Effect of Cooling of Burned Gas by Vertical Vortex on NOx Reduction in Small DI Diesel Engines

A new nitrogen oxide (NOx) reduction concept is suggested. A strong vertical vortex generated within the combustion bowl can mix hot burned gas into the cold excess air at the center of the combustion-bowl. This makes the burned gas cool rapidly. Therefore, it is possible to reduce NOx, which would be produced if the burned gas remained hot. In this paper the effect was verified with a 3D-CFD analysis of spray, air, combustion gas, and thermal efficiency as well as experiments on a 4-cylinder 2.0-liter direct injection diesel engine. The results confirmed that the vertical vortex was able to be strengthened with the change of spray characteristics and the combustion bowl shapes. This strengthened vertical vortex was able to reduce NOx by approximately 20% without making smoke and thermal-efficiency worse. Above results proved the effectiveness of this method.
Journal Article

Detailed Diesel Combustion and Soot Formation Analysis with Improved Wall Model Using Large Eddy Simulation

A mixed time-scale subgrid large eddy simulation was used to simulate mixture formation, combustion and soot formation under the influence of turbulence during diesel engine combustion. To account for the effects of engine wall heat transfer on combustion, the KIVA code's standard wall model was replaced to accommodate more realistic boundary conditions. This were carried out by implementing the non-isothermal wall model of Angelberger et al. with modifications and incorporating the log law from Pope's method to account for the wall surface roughness. Soot and NOx emissions predicted with the new model are compared to experimental data acquired under various EGR conditions.