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Technical Paper

Mean Value Engine Modeling for a Diesel Engine with GT-Power 1D Detail Model

Mean value engine model (MVEM) is the basis of control design for advanced internal combustion engines. The engine performance transient process usually takes a few cycles. The MVEM provides an adequate accurate description of the engine dynamics with reasonable approximation by ignoring the heat loss and sub-cycle events. MVEM is very important for engine system control development, especially when the modern engine becomes more and more complicated when equipped with throttle, turbocharger and after-treatment systems. Usually the MVEM is developed based on data from engine tests, which is a costly and time consuming process. In this paper, the air path MVEM modeling method based on the 1D detail model is discussed for a turbocharged diesel engine. Simulation is applied to demonstrate the effectiveness of this new method. This approach could be used to get the MVEM for control design even before the prototype engine is available.
Technical Paper

Integrated Simulation of Engine Performance and AFR Control of a Stoichiometric Compression Ignition (SCI) Engine

This paper describes the advantage of the integrated simulation platform and presents the results of performance simulations and the feed-forward air-fuel ratio (AFR) controller design of a new concept stoichiometric compression ignition (SCI) engine based on this platform. In this integrated simulation environment, the SCI engine was modeled in GT-Power and a simplified production engine control module (ECM) is implemented in Simulink/Matlab for the performance simulation and AFR control. The integrated engine and controller model was used to investigate constant-speed load-acceptance (CSLA) performance. During performance simulation, searching for operating conditions is difficult but critical for performance analysis. Trial and error method would require a long time to do. Based on the integrated simulation, a proportional-integral (PI) controller was designed to find the accurate operating conditions.
Journal Article

Studies on the Impact of 300 MPa Injection Pressure on Engine Performance, Gaseous and Particulate Emissions

An investigation has been carried out to examine the influence of up to 300 MPa injection pressure on engine performance and emissions. Experiments were performed on a 4 cylinder, 4 valve / cylinder, 4.5 liter John Deere diesel engine using the Ricardo Twin Vortex Combustion System (TVCS). The study was conducted by varying the injection pressure, Start of Injection (SOI), Variable Geometry Turbine (VGT) vane position and a wide range of EGR rates covering engine out NOx levels between 0.3 g/kWh to 2.5 g/kWh. A structured Design of Experiment approach was used to set up the experiments, develop empirical models and predict the optimum results for a range of different scenarios. Substantial fuel consumption benefits were found at the lowest NOx levels using 300 MPa injection pressure. At higher NOx levels the impact was nonexistent. In a separate investigation a Cambustion DMS-500 fast particle spectrometer, was used to sample and analyze the exhaust gas.