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Journal Article

Probabilistic Reanalysis Using Monte Carlo Simulation

An approach for Probabilistic Reanalysis (PRA) of a system is presented. PRA calculates very efficiently the system reliability or the average value of an attribute of a design for many probability distributions of the input variables, by performing a single Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, PRA calculates the sensitivity derivatives of the reliability to the parameters of the probability distributions. The approach is useful for analysis problems where reliability bounds need to be calculated because the probability distribution of the input variables is uncertain or for design problems where the design variables are random. The accuracy and efficiency of PRA is demonstrated on vibration analysis of a car and on system reliability-based optimization (RBDO) of an internal combustion engine.
Technical Paper

Assessment of Imprecise Reliability Using Efficient Probabilistic Reanalysis

In reliability design, often, there is scarce data for constructing probabilistic models. Probabilistic models whose parameters vary in known intervals could be more suitable than Bayesian models because the former models do not require making assumptions that are not supported by the available evidence. If we use models whose parameters vary in intervals we need to calculate upper and lower bounds of the failure probability (or reliability) of a system in order to make design decisions. Monte Carlo simulation can be used for this purpose, but it is too expensive for all but very simple systems. This paper proposes an efficient Monte-Carlo simulation approach for estimation of upper and lower probabilities. This approach is based on two ideas: a) use an efficient approach for reliability reanalysis of a system, which is introduced in this paper, and b) approximate the probability distribution of the minimum and maximum failure probabilities using extreme value statistics.