Generator Voltage Regulation Through Current Control in a Hybrid Electric Vehicle
A novel approach to control the output voltage of the generator on a hybrid electric vehicle is proposed in this paper. In addition to the voltage control, for safety reason, it is desirable to control the current of the generator when the machine is running. In order to control the current, the reference voltage is translated to reference current by an estimator. Then current convergence is ensured by controlling the excitation voltage. Thus the over-current is prevented in the system. The rate of convergence of the voltage tracking is discussed. Robustness of the control algorithm against parameter variation is also analyzed and compared with conventional approach. Simulation results show that the safety objective is achieved without sacrificing output performance of the generator.