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Technical Paper

Effects of Timing and Odd/Even Number of Teeth on Noise Generation of Gerotor Lubricating Pumps for IC Engines

The paper presents experimental and theoretical investigations on a shaft mounted gerotor lubricating pump aimed at reducing radiated noise at high engine speed. Effects of noise generation identified as main sources are the fluid borne noise (FBN) that originates in unsteady flow and related pressure fluctuations and structure borne noise (SBN) as a result of pressure transients occurring internally, which cause vibrations of the pump case. To clarify the onset of large delivery pressure fluctuations detected at high pump speed (in excess of 4000 rpm), and validate simulation results (AMESim environment), experimental and theoretical studies have been performed.
Technical Paper

Displacement vs Flow Control in IC Engines Lubricating Pumps

Scope of this work is to analyse potentials in terms of efficiency of two pump units belonging to two families: the first intervening on the maximum volume generated by variable volume chambers (e.g. a vane pump where eccentricity is varied), the second that changes the quantity of fluid being sucked or delivered (e.g. a gear pump with variable timing). In more detail the comparison will be established between a vane pump where displacement is varied through eccentricity and an internal gear pump of Gerotor type where flow rate is controlled through a rotating sector that alters the effective geometry of kidney ports. A detailed simulation of the two solutions brings to evidence the advantages of the first approach with respect to the second as confirmed by experimental investigations.
Technical Paper

Modelling and Simulation of Gerotor Gearing in Lubricating Oil Pumps

The paper presents geometric and kinematic aspects that constitute a premise to the modelling and simulation of gerotor lubricating oil pumps. With reference to a commercial oil pump two different modelling approaches of the pumping elements are addressed: the classical integral-derivative approach and the new derivative-integral approach. The latter, based on volumes swept by vector rays, is easier to implement and requires less computer time at equal accuracy. Two approaches to modelling are also detailed that feature different reticulations of the pump and consequently involve a different number of ordinary differential equations (ODE). Depending on the extent and detail of expected informations, either 4 or N+2 ODE must be solved, N being the number of variable volume chambers in the pump. Finally, numerical results of the simulation code, developed in the AMESim environment, have been compared with experimental results presented elsewhere [4].
Technical Paper

Modelling and Simulation of Variable Displacement Vane Pumps for IC Engine Lubrication

The paper presents geometric, kinematic and fluid-dynamic modelling of variable displacement vane pumps for low pressure applications in internal combustion engines lubrication. All these fundamental aspects are integrated in a simulation environment and form the core of a design tool leading to the assessment of performance, critical issues, related influences and possible solutions in a well grounded engineering support to decision.
Technical Paper

Gerotor Lubricating Oil Pump for IC Engines

This paper documents an extensive study aimed at a better understanding of the peculiarities and performance of crankshaft mounted gerotor pumps for IC engines lubrication. At different extents, the modelling, simulation and testing of a specific unit are all considered. More emphasis, at the modelling phase, is dedicated to the physical and mathematical description of the flow losses mechanisms; the often intricate aspects of kinematics being deliberately left aside. The pressure relief valve is analysed at a considerable extent as is the modelling of the working fluid, a typically aerated subsystem in such applications. Simulation is grounded on AMESim, a relatively novel tool in the fluid power domain, that proves effective and compliant with user deeds and objectives. Testing, at steady-state conditions, forms the basis for the pro!gressive tuning of the simulation model and provides significant insight into this type of volumetric pump.