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Technical Paper

Study on Removal of PM and NOx in Diesel Exhaust by Using DC Corona Discharge

In order to remove the diesel particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from diesel exhaust, the gas is passed through a corona discharge collector for PM and another corona discharge device for NOx oxidation. With the PM collector, PM is accumulated on the central electrode, after that, it is removed by incineration technique. NOx concentration is decreased by oxidation to HNO3. In this study, these corona discharge reactors were coupled for removal of PM and NOx in progression, and attempted to remove these emissions in a slipstream of 14 liters/min of an experimental diesel engine and an actual vehicle, respectively. In case of the experimental test engine, it is found that nearly 100% and 15% of the PM and NOx emissions were removed even at a low input power of 26W (1560 J/L specific energy deposition). In the vehicle tests 1) a PM removal rate of 60% is obtained at an input power of over 40W, 2) a NOx removal rate of 97% is obtained at an input power of over 100W.
Technical Paper

Development of Retrofit DME Diesel Engine Operating with Rotary Distributor Fuel Injection Pump

In order to reduce environmental disruption due to exhaust PM and NOx emissions from diesel engines of dimethyl ether (DME) has been proposed the use for the next generation vehicles, because the discharge of the atmospheric pollutants is less. In this study, DME is used to fuel a retrofit type diesel engine, and operational tests were carried out using a rotary distributor fuel injection pump. In this experiment, comparison and examination of the effects of fuel injection pressure, nozzle hole diameter, and injection timing. When using DME as an alternative fuel, the fuel temperature affects engine operation. And diameter of the injector nozzle hole and larger injection quantity is regarded as factors affecting the improvement in engine performance. In addition, for understanding the DME spray in the cylinder, DME was sprayed in a constant volume chamber where atmospheric temperature and pressure increased simultaneously, and the result is compared and examined with diesel fuel.