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Methodology for Exhaust System Design Optimization for Light Weight Passenger Vehicles

While designing the exhaust system of passenger car on one hand there is stringent emission regulations, packaging constraints, high NVH performance requirement. On the other hand with lightweight vehicle design there is tremendous pressure on weight reduction of exhaust system while keep the same NVH performance levels. Exhaust system consist of muffler, bellows, pipes and hangers. For muffler design both acoustic (transmission loss, pass-by noise, tail pipe noise etc.) and non-acoustic (backpressure) parameters needs to be considered. In the current paper, methodology for muffler design optimization using 1D acoustic simulation software is presented. The baseline exhaust design consist of two mufflers; main muffler and post muffler. Simulation methodology is developed to optimize main muffler design in order to eliminate post muffler requirement while achieving the same performance of baseline exhaust design.