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Technical Paper

Effect of Some Piston Variables on Piston and Ring Assembly Friction

The piston and ring assembly friction of a lightweight piston with lower compression height has been compared to that of a production assembly. Additional weight was added to the lightweight piston to study the effect of that variable alone. The lightweight piston reduced friction, especially in motoring tests. Within the speed range tested (up to 1640 rpm) the friction reduction of the lightweight piston could not be attributed to the lower mass itself.
Technical Paper

Measurement of Piston and Ring Assembly Friction Instantaneous IMEP Method

An experimental technique termed the Instantaneous IMEP Method has been developed to measure piston and ring assembly friction. The technique requires very accurate measurements of cylinder pressure, connecting rod force and calculation of inertial forces. Friction force is the difference of these forces in consideration of the slider-crank geometry. A grasshopper linkage has been used to transmit the connecting rod force signal measured by a strain gage bridge. Inertial forces have been calculated with the assumption of distributed connecting rod mass. The test engine was a Chevrolet 5 litre V-8, modified for single cylinder operation. Piston and ring assembly friction has been determined under motoring conditions with and without compression as well as firing. Friction measurements have been made with SAE 30 and 50 grade oils at different temperatures. Boundary friction has been observed especially near top and bottom dead centers.