Optimal Energy Management Strategy for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
This paper presents a preliminary design and analysis of an optimal energy management and control system for a power-split hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) using hybrid dynamical control system theory and design tools. The hybrid dynamical system theory is applied to formulate HEV powertrain dynamical system in which the interactions of discrete and continuous dynamics are involved. The Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) method is applied to optimize power distribution. An improved dynamic programming method is employed to determine the optimal power distribution and the vehicle operating mode transitions.